Jersey Zoo: Notes

General notes

  • These lists have been compiled mainly by drawing on Jersey Zoo's annual reports (or Dodo journals) - published from 1964 to 2001 - with input from other sources to fill in some of the gaps particularly for the years prior to 1964. The information in these publications is not always complete or as detailed as I should like, hence the occasional vagueness especially with regard to the animal collection in the Zoo's early years.
  • The lists make no claims to be complete. There are undoubtedly many species kept in the collection (in the first five years in particular) of which I am presently unaware, having failed to find any details, although I am satisfied that I have recorded most of the mammalian species represented at the Zoo in its long history.
  • These lists include only those species maintained at the Zoo from the date of its official opening on 26th March 1959. A few species acquired during various animal collecting expeditions did not become part of the Zoo's collection, either because of death, escape, release or early sale, and are thus omitted from these lists. With some species collected on these expeditions, there is uncertainly whether they were added to the collection at Jersey Zoo or not. These include, amongst others:

From Cameroon (1957) - Striped Ground Squirrel Xerus erythropus; Weaver-birds; African Common Toad.

From southern Africa (1961/62) - African Comb Duck Sarkidiornis m. melanotos.

From Sierra Leone (1965) - Red River Hog Potamochoerus porcus; Duiker sp. Cephalophus sp.;African Giant Pouched Rat Cricetomys emini; Nile Monitor Varanus niloticus.

From Guyana (1966) - The following animals are recorded as having been obtained by Jeremy Mallinson on a visit to that country, but there is no mention in the annual report for that year of their arrival at the Zoo, leading me to wonder whether they were sold to other zoos: Grey-winged Trumpeter Psophia crepitans; Tegu Tupinambis sp.; Anaconda Eunectes sp. However, in his book ‘The Touch of Durrell’, Mr Mallinson asserts that the Anacondas and Tegus arrived at Jersey Zoo.

  • Some species had been collected in some quantity (e.g. Typhlops Typhlops sp.; 'Green-leaf' Viper) during Gerald Durrell's first two expeditions to the British Cameroons, when he was collecting animals for other people's zoos, so it is conceivable that these same species were also collected during his third expedition to this region in 1957, when he was amassing the nucleus of his own zoo, but so far I have been unable to find any confirmation. 
  • The International Zoo News for January/February 1959 (vol. 6 no. 1) mentions some of the enclosures in the process of being erected in Jersey in readiness for the opening of the new zoo, including an enclosure for Lesser or Red Pandas (Ailurus fulgens). I can find no evidence that Lesser Pandas ever arrived at the Zoo. Similarly, the International Zoo News for Jan/Feb. 1961 (vol. 8 no. 1) mentions that a very large exhibition cage has been built for Hummingbirds, but I can find no record that Hummingbirds were ever maintained at the Zoo.
  • In addition to the birds listed, in the mid 1960s Jersey Zoo had a tame, free-flying, Eurasian Shag (Phalacrocorax aristotelis). I believe this was a wild bird because, although it spent a great deal of time around the Zoo, it would disappear from time to time.
  • Asterisks indicate the earliest recorded year for a species, but the first individuals possibly arrived a year or two before this.
  • Whilst every effort has been made to ensure dates are correct, in some cases the year given is the probable year of arrival/departure. In other cases where details are even more vague because of the lack of accurate records, I have used question marks and the symbols "<" and ">".
  • Animals' vernacular (and scientific) names change over time and sometimes I am unable to identify an animal species by an archaic or little-used name. In these cases I have used the term Sp. inc. in place of the scientific name. It should be noted that in early sources I have consulted, the Cotton-topped Tamarin is referred to as the Pinche Marmoset, the White-shouldered Marmoset as the Santareem Marmoset, and so on.  
  • It is possible that a few species, recorded as having arrived in 1963, in reality arrived in the early part of 1964 (the listing in the 1964 Annual Rerport is ambiguous). Conversely, it is possible one or two 1964 species may have arrived in 1963.
  • Where the last individual(s) of a species died or was/were sent to another collection, and then fresh stock was acquired the same year, no break is shown in the lists. This may have happened in the case of the Cheetahs, Mallorcan Midwife Toads, and certain other species.
  • The first official Animal Inventory, containing full details of acquisitions, departures, breeding results and deaths, was published in the 16th annual report (1979). Consequently, in most (but not all) cases, whenever the departure date is unknown and a question mark (or the < symbol) is used in its place, one can assume that the species in question had gone from the collection by 1979 at the latest. In the case of most of those species obtained in 1959 or the first half of the 1960s, it can be taken as read that the species had gone from the collection very much earlier than this.
  • In 1975 with work having started on construction of the new Reptile House, the Zoo took the opportunity to start again with its reptile collection, and almost (but not quite) all the remaining reptile species were found new homes that year in other zoos. Reptiles which remained in the collection included the Red-eared Terrapins (Trachemys scripta elegans), Red-footed Tortoises (Chelonoidis carbonata), Cook Strait Tuatara (Sphenodon punctatus) and some newly arrived Dominican Boa Constrictors (Boa constrictor nebulosa).

Specific notes

In the lists that follow, occasionally the name of an animal species is succeeded by a digit in parenthesis in the right margin. The explanation for these numbers is as follows:
  1. It is recorded in the Durrell Wildlife Conservation Trust archives that three Nile Monitors (Varanus niloticus) were brought back from West Africa in 1965 as part of the Gerald Durrell Sierra Leone expedition of that year. It seems they did not remain at the Zoo for more than a few months at most. However, it is also faintly possible the species may have been first seen at Jersey Zoo earlier than this, as this is a species that Durrell collected in the then British Cameroons in 1957, some 18 months before the Zoo opened, although I can find no mention of the species at Jersey Zoo prior to the 1965 arrivals, so it is likely the first one(s) died or were traded in that period before the Zoo opened. That said, I have not seen a list of the species which were present on Opening Day. The earliest stock list I have is for 22 August 1959, by which time the Zoo had been open for several months; so it is possible the species may have been represented in those very early months. 

  2. In very early sources, these galagos are described as the Moholi or Mohol Galago, whereas later sources refer to them the Senegal Galago. The confusion probably arises because the Moholi Galago (known also as the Southern Lesser Galago) was formerly considered a subspecies of the Northern Lesser Galago (or Senegal Galago) but is now considered to be a full species. The two species look very similar and are best distinguished by their calls (Charles Foley, et al: "A Field Guide to the Larger Mammals of Tanzania", Princeton University Press, 2014). Thus it is unclear whether Jersey Zoo has kept both species of Lesser Galago at various times or only one species.

  3. The Day Gecko Phelsuma ornata is sometimes mentioned in Jersey Zoo records under the synonym Phelsuma vinsoni, which initially caused me some confusion until I realised it was the same species.

  4. Unclear whether the species was maintained continuously, or whether the first arrivals died out or were later sold, because more acquisitions occurred a few years later. For example, an Internet site (Wikipedia) gives the date of the commencement of the Grey Crowned Crane programme as 1964, and the Red-crested Touraco programme as 1972. The Leopard Tortoise(s) that arrived in 1965 would have been the babcocki (Eastern) subspecies. 

  5. Possibly includes African Fish Eagle (Haliaeetus vocifer) and Palm-nut Vulture (Gypohierax angolensis).

  6. The first mousebirds at Jersey Zoo, reported as Speckled Mousebirds (Colius striatus), were brought back from the British Cameroons (now Cameroon) in 1957 by Gerald Durrell and were among the founder stock of Jersey Zoo when it opened in 1959. The last of these birds died in 1966. That same year, 1966, Jersey Zoo acquired four more birds which were believed at the time, and for many years afterwards, to be the Speckled Mousebird. Eventually these latter birds were re-identified as Red-backed Mousebirds (Colius striatus). This does raise the question: were the original birds the Speckled species or the Red-backed species? 

  7. I have been unable to identify the "White-eared Jay Thrush" (a.k.a. Chinese Mocking Bird), having found no species of Jay Thrush (Laughingthrush) by that name in the family Muscicapidae. There is, however, a species of Bulbul (family: Pycnonotidae) called the White-eared Bulbul (Pycnonotus leucotis). Jay Thrushes and Bulbuls are not too dissimilar, so I am wondering whether it might be this species. Initially I was also confused by the alternative name "Chinese Mocking Bird" as true mocking birds are exclusively New World birds.

  8. Includes Grass Snakes captured in Jersey, which lack the usual yellow 'collar' marking.

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  10. Were both African and Indian subspecies of the Ring-necked Parakeet kept at various times, as seems to be the case, or were some of the birds misidentified? The Zoo did still have Ring-necked Parakeets as late as June 1972 (10th Annual Report, p.69), but the exact subspecies was not disclosed. I can find no reference of when the species ceased to be represented in the collection, but it had almost certainly gone by 1975. 

  11. In the 1960 guide book the Cotton Teal (Nettapus c. coromandelianus) is described as an African species; yet this bird (alternative name: Indian Pygmy Goose) is a southern Asian species, not African, so one must wonder whether the bird under discussion was in fact the African Pygmy Goose (N. auritus), even though, as far as I know, this is not generally known as the Cotton Teal.

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  14. In 1965 Jeremy Mallinson made a prolonged excursion to South America, during which he was presented with a small collection of animals by the national zoo in Guyana that included a Two-toed Sloth (Choloepus sp.). The sloth was new to the Jersey collection, but regrettably it died within 2-3 months of its arrival in Jersey, which may explain why it is not mentioned in the annual report.

  15. The pair of Great Grebes (P. major), brought back from Argentina by Gerald Durrell, did not live long in Jersey.

  16. For many years the Gold Coast or Ghana Touracos were misidentified as Verreaux's Touraco (T. macrorhynchus). 

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  18. According to Durrell News 2010, a large number of Agile Frogs (tadpoles or spawn) arrived, or were due to arrive, in that year, but the Agile Frog is not listed in the 2010 Species Inventory.

  19. Species maintained on at least two separate occasions.

  20. These fruit beetles were mainly kept and bred as live food, but one or two colonies were also kept on display in the Education Centre.

  21. The subspecies of Day-gecko Phelsuma guimbeaui rosagularis is elevated to full species status, P. rosagularis, by some authorities, including Anthony Cheke and Julian Hume in their book "Lost Land of the Dodo" (T & AD Poyser, 2008).

  22. According to the Dodo Journal no. 26, the last of the original import of White's Tree Frogs was exported (on deposit) in 1989. However, on a visit to the Zoo in 1996, I noted that the species was now on view in the new Education Complex. So I am wondering whether it did leave the zoo grounds in 1989, as the Journal suggests, or whether the species was simply removed from the official Inventory following its transfer to the education department (hence "on deposit"). On the same visit, I saw an unlabelled green frog in the reptile centre. Could this also have been a White's Tree Frog?

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  25. It seems likely that at least some individuals of the Sarus Crane maintained over the years were the rare Eastern race.

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  27. Unclear whether the Mink species represented was the European Mink (Mustela lutreola) or the American Mink (Neovison vison).

  28. Possibly the Guernsey (or maybe the Saanan) Goat.

  29. The original Red-footed Tortoises (Testudo carbonaria) were erroneously thought, at first, to be examples of the Jaboty Tortoise (T. denticulata). Correctly identified by 1977.

  30. Originally four birds arrived in 1966, but for many years they were believed to be examples of the Speckled Mousebird (Colius striatus), and appear as such in early reports. Eventually re-identified as Red-backed Mousebirds (Colius castanotus).

  31. The "African Agama", a vague name that has resisted precise identification, may have been the Common or Rainbow Agama (Agama agama), listed separately.

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  35. In 1967/68 the new Lemur Range was built on the site of the old birds-of-prey aviaries, so presumably most of the remaining Falconiformes were re-homed around this time.

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  37. In the annual report for 1969, the newly arrived Green-winged Trumpeters were given the scientific name of Psophia crepitans. This, though, is the scientific name of the Common or Grey-winged Trumpeter, so it is far from clear which species arrived in 1969.

  38. The Fox Squirrel is mentioned in the 1959 guide book but, oddly enough, not in a "complete" list of all squirrel species held at the Zoo since its inception, published in the 1969 annual report.

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  40. The Mayotte Brown Lemur is no longer considered by most authorities to be a separate subspecies, but is generally thought to be a small localised population of the nominate race Eulemur fulvus fulvus originally introduced by man to the island of Mayotte in the Comoros. The specific name mayottensis is therefore redundant.

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  42. Some mystery surrounds the identity of this species. In the one source I can locate, it is referred to as the Great Black Woodpecker (Dryocopus j. javensis). This creates an anomaly because D. javensis is the scientific name of the White-bellied Woodpecker. The scientific name of the Great Black Woodpecker is D. martius.

  43. Originally the White Eared Pheasants at Jersey Zoo were considered to be the nominate race Crossoptilon c. crossoptilon until they were eventually re-identified as the Tibetan subspecies C. c. drouyni .

  44. I saw a Common Boa (or Common Boas) in a vivarium in the zoo's Classroom in 1999. According to the official Inventory, the zoo did not have Common Boas at that time. I suspect that animals kept purely for educational purposes were not included in the Inventory. The species does make an appearance in the official Inventory in 2001 when a true pair is listed in the Arrivals column. It is possible the species did not arrive in 2001, but that this was merely a convenient way of adding an existing (but, up to that point, omitted) species to the Inventory? The ones present in 2001 could have been those I saw in 1996.

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  46. In the early 1960s, Jersey Zoo kept a species of amphibian referred to in the archives as a "Japanese Newt". What species could this have been? Could it have been a juvenile Japanese Giant Salamander? Quite possibly, because I have now discovered that Jersey Zoo did have a specimen of this primitive species in the early years, but that somehow it had escaped. Then, in 1972, a 3' 4" Giant Salamander was caught in Grand Vaux Reservoir in Jersey by a member of the public and presented to the zoo, which disposed of the amphibian to the London Zoo just eleven days later. Interestingly, the water course that passes through Jersey Zoo flows into Grand Vaux Reservoir, leading to speculation that the animal caught in 1972 may well have been the same animal that escaped about ten years earlier. 

  47. Some confusion here. Gerald Durrell's book Menagerie Manor (1964) briefly mentions an Andean Fox. This is an alternative name for the Culpeo Fox (Lycalopex culpaeus). Records at the Zoological Society of London, however, show that the London Zoo sent Jersey Zoo an Azara's Fox (a.k.a. Pampas Fox) (Lycalopex gymnocercus) on 1 Sep. 1960. Did Jersey Zoo once have both species (which would be very remarkable if it did as none of the South American "foxes" have ever been seen very often in European zoos, or was this a case of misidentification? The Jersey Zoo stock list for March 1961 mentions an "Andean Fox". On the 1963, 1964 and 1965 stock lists there is no mention of an "Andean Fox" (I have not found the 1962 stock list) but there is mention of a "Cordillera Fox", which presumably is the same animal. It died in 1966.

  48. The first reference to the Barbary Dove (in 1962) at Jersey Zoo gives the scientific name Streptopelia roseogrisea. In fact this is the taxonic name of the wild form of the Barbary Dove, the Rose-grey Dove. I believe the species maintained in the 1960s was indeed the domestic (and sometimes feral) form, the Barbary Dove (S. risoria), but an element of doubt persists.

  49. In the 1975 annual report, the Long-tailed Glossy Starlings are given the scientific name Lamprotornis mevesii purpureus. It is unclear whether two separate subspecies were maintained, the scientific name changed, or whether the birds were re-identified as a different subspecies.

  50. The Common Mallard were removed from the official inventory in 1982, as the large number of birds were free-flying and, to all intents and purposes, completely wild birds. Although no longer listed on the inventory, there are (wild) Common Mallard to be seen on the various lakes and ponds within the Zoo.

  51. Recorded (erroneously) in at least two original sources as Fat-tailed Dwarf Lemur (Cheirogaleus medius), a similar species, possibly as a result of misidentification.

  52. Initially recorded as the Mediterranean Spur-thighed Tortoise T. g. graeca, then appears to have been re-identified as the North African Spur-thighed Tortoise Testudo graeca whitei (or T. whitei). But by 2001 the species was just listed as Testudo graeca (i.e. apparently of unknown subspecies). 

  53. According to the Dodo Journal no. 24, the Hermann's Tortoises that arrived in 1986 were exported (on deposit) in 1987. This is plainly wrong. It could be they were transferred to the Education Department of the zoo in that year (I did see the species in the Classroom in 1996) and thus were temporarily (and misleadingly) removed from the official inventory. In my opinion, all species within a zoo, including those off-view or held by the education department, should be listed in the annual inventory.

  54. Although the European or Common Pochard is not mentioned in the animal inventories of the Dodo Journal after 1989, I think I saw the species in the large water meadow at the Zoo in 1992, probably a wild bird.

  55. The last Saddleback Tamarin died in 1992, but it is unclear to which subspecies (Brown-headed, Red-mantled or Andean, or possibly Illiger's) the last individuals belonged. Most likely they were not pure-bred, but intersubspecific hybrids of two or more different subspecies.

  56. I think I saw a Barnacle Goose in the large water meadow at the Zoo in 1992, but this was almost certainly a wild bird, as wild Barnacle Geese do occur on the island.

  57. Although the official annual animal inventory states that the first Swan Geese arrived in 1993, I think I saw a wild bird in the water meadow at the zoo during a visit in 1992, which may have been a wild bird. 

  58. In 1996 I noticed an unlabelled vivarium in the Education Centre containing some species of stick insect. I tentatively identified them as the Indian Stick Insect, but they could have been some other species, possibly juvenile Macleay's Spectre Stick Insects. They were gone by the time of my next visit in 1999.

  59. According to the Dodo Journal no. 24, the Montserrat Whistling Frogs were 'exported on deposit' in 1987. This was probably just a convenient way of removing the species from the official Inventory, as they were not relinquished, as the Journal suggests, but were, for a time, utilised as a 'food' species. A large, unmanaged colony certainly existed in the off-view area of the Reptile & Amphibian Breeding Centre in 1995. By 1999 some had been moved back into the exhibition area. 

  60. This species of small Anole (Anolis wattsi) is not mentioned in the Trust's animal inventory, nor is it mentioned for Jersey Zoo in the animal inventories published by the Federation of Zoos. However, in 1999, the species was clearly labelled on a sign in the Reptile and Amphibian Breeding complex (sharing with the Rhinoceros Iguanas). How do we account for this apparent anomaly? It is possible the species may have been maintained mainly as a food source for some of the West Indian snakes, in which case it might not have been officially classed as part of the Zoo's collection.

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  62. According to the Dodo Journal, the last Red-eyed Tree Frogs died in 1994 (and indeed the species is not listed in the Journal's annual animal inventory after that date), and yet in the Federation of Zoo's Reptile & Amphibian Inventory (2001), the Trust is shown as having a thriving group of Red-eyed Tree Frogs in 2001.

  63. For the sake of convenience I am assuming that all the Rhinoceros Iguanas maintained at various times over the years have been the nominate subspecies (Cyclura cornuta cornuta); certainly all those which have been positively identified to subspecies level have been this race.

  64. According to latest reference sources, this subspecies of Partula Snail is extinct. Either it has become extinct since Jersey Zoo worked with the species (quite possible) or else the initial identification was at fault and it was another Partula taeniata subspecies.

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  67. It is possible the Chimpanzee "Moffet" born in June 1965 may have been an intersubspecific hybrid between the Masked and the Western Chimpanzee.

  68. A single female described in the 1959 guide book and also in an unpublished stock list from August 1959 as the Olive Baboon Papio anubis, but in an unpublished stock list from March 1961 as a Guinea Baboon Papio papio. To add to the confusion, in another early guide book it is referred to as a Yellow Baboon Papio cynocephalus. So which is correct? I am strongly of the opinion the animal was an Olive Baboon, because it was brought back by Gerald Durrell from the then British Cameroons (now Cameroon) on his 1957 expedition, and whereas the Olive Baboon is indeed found in a broad band across Africa, including Cameroon, neither the Guinea Baboon nor the Yellow Baboon are found wild in this region. The Guinea Baboon comes from the extreme west of Africa, and the Yellow Baboon hails from much further south.

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  70. Originally this species was listed in Jersey Zoo's Dodo journal as the Yellow-throated (a.k.a. Yellow-bellied) Laughing Thrush Garrulax galbanus simaoensis. There is, however, some confusion about the true identity of the original birds. According to the BIAZA animal inventories, from 2002 not all the individuals at Jersey could be positively identified as simaoensis. One was of an undeclared or unknown subspecies. This single specimen was provided with a mate in 2002. For years afterwards the BIAZA inventories continued to list Jersey Zoo as having two forms of Garrulax galbanus. By 2006 the majority were listed simply as Yellow-bellied Laughing Thrush Garrulax galbanus, so in other words the exact subspecies may have been in doubt, with just a single male listed as Austen's Laughing Thrush Garrulax galbanus courtoisi. (To confuse matters still further, the previous year the BIAZA inventory had referred to simaoensis as the Austen's subspecies!) In its own annual inventories, Jersey Zoo does not mention two distinct forms as being held, but lumps them all together. Up to 2003 it still listed the birds as Yellow-throated Laughing Thrush Garrulax galbanus simaoensis. But suddenly from 2004 onwards they are all listed as being the Blue-crowned Laughing Thrush Dryonastes courtoisi. Until recently the Blue-crowned (or Blue-capped) Laughing Thrush was generally treated as a subspecies of the Yellow-throated. Now it is considered a species in its own right and many authorities have removed it from the paraphyletic Garrulax genus altogether, placing it in the genus Dryonastes. The obvious explanation is that the birds at Jersey had been re-identifted, but the question must remain: were any of the originals birds Garrulax galbanus?

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  72. The presumed date of arrival is taken from the 1st Annual Report (1964). Unfortunately the list of animal arrivals in this Annual Report is ambiguous. Not only is it not made clear whether the animal in question was acquired or was merely born/hatched in that year (if the latter, then the species almost certainly arrived in an earlier year), but it is unclear from the wording whether this list of animal arrivals is for 1964 or 1963. In most cases I have assumed it to refer to 1964, but I could be wrong. Also, just because a list in this Annual Report records that such-and-such animal arrived during the year, it doesn't necessarily mean this was the first specimen on that particular species to be kept at the Zoo; it might have been a mate for a single animal that had arrived a year or two earlier. Unfortunately I can find no arrivals list that predates 1963/64. Such common, easily bred species as the Canary and the Bengalese almost certainly did arrive before 1964, but since I can find no mention of them prior to this year I have recorded them as having arrived in 1964.

  73. The Annual Report informs us that the first Trumpeter Swans arrived in 1968, but this is contradicted by an early guide book (c.1967) which reports that they arrived in 1966.

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  76. The Mandarin Duck was removed from the official inventory in 2002. In that year one pair died and two drakes were exported. However, at least one specimen (I believe it was a fully-winged bird) seems to have remained. The species was reinstated (with only this single, female, specimen listed) on the official inventory in 2004.

  77. Some of the most recent specimens of Eyed or Ocellated Lizards (3rd time the species had been kept at Jersey Zoo) were positively identified as the nominate subspecies Lacerta lepida lepida (the Jewelled Lacerta). These latter animals were exported in 2005.

  78. Possibly arrived as early as 1987.

  79. According to a newspaper report from the time, Jersey Zoo successfully bred the Jackson's Horned Chameleon (Chamaeleo jacksoni) in 1959. However, when an allegedly "complete" list of reptiles bred at the Zoo since its inception was published in a later annual report, significantly the Jackson's Horned Chameleon was not mentioned. On the other hand, the Common Chameleon (Chamaeleo chamaeleon) - a species notoriously difficult to keep alive in captivity for more than a few months - was listed. Could this be a case of misidentification? If so, it raises the question of which species was kept, and bred, in 1959, the Jackson's or the Common? The Zoo did buy three (more?) specimens of the Jackson's Horned species in 1964, but it seems they did not survive for long.

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  81. An Internet site (Wikipedia) suggests the year of commencement of the programme for the Waldrapp or Northern Bald Ibis (Geronticus eremita) may have been as early as 1962. This, however, is doubtful.

  82. An early Jersey Zoo guidebook as well as an (unpublished) 1959 stock list both attest to the fact that the Zoo had Scarlet-headed Marshbirds (Amblyramphus holosericeus) in its first year. But in an article published in the Avicultural Magazine in 1963, I also found a reference to the Zoo having acquired two Red-breasted Marshbirds, also in 1959. Probably this is just another name for the Scarlet-headed species.

  83. One of the few records I have unearthed of the Zoo having Malayan Fish Owl is an article published in the Avicultural Magazine in 1963. But there is a mention in the 1960 Jersey Zoo guidebook of a species called the Indian Fish Owl. Almost certainly the two species are one and the same, as the range of the Malayan Fish Owl (Ketupa ketupu) encompasses much of south and southeast Asia including the Indian subcontinent. 

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  86. The International Zoo News for Aug/Oct. 1960 (vol. 7 no. 4) records the arrival at Jersey Zoo of a Geoffroy's Marmoset. To the best of my knowledge, Jersey Zoo was not to obtain this species until 1984. The article probably should have read 'Geoffroy's Tamarin' (a male of this latter species did arrive at the Zoo in the early 1960s).

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  88. The International Zoo News (vol. 8 no. 2) records that a pair of 'Basilisk Lizards' arrived at Jersey Zoo in 1961. We are not told whether the lizards were B. plumifrons (the Plumed Basilisk, a species which was maintained at the Zoo from 1979) or, perhaps more likely, B. basiliscus (the Common Basilisk). 

  89. The International Zoo News for Mar-May 1961 (vol. 8 no. 2) states that, in that year, the Jersey Zoo acquired 'some Black-and-Yellow Salamanders', which is a bit vague. I have now discovered that the Zoo, around that time, did keep the Spotted Salamander (Ambystoma maculatum), so must presume these to be the same species.

  90. The only record I can find for Moustached Tamarins at Jersey Zoo is a report in the International Zoo News for Oct-Dec. 1961 (vol. 8 no. 5) where it states that  in that year Jersey Zoo took consignment of 'a pair of Black-necked Moustached Tamarins'. However, the 3rd Annual Report (1966) gives what is claimed to be a complete list of all the callitrichid species that the zoo had maintained up to that point, and inexplicably this species is not listed. Perhaps they were misidentified or did not survive for long.

  91. There are several kinds of Elephant-nosed Fish, and it is not clear which kind was kept at Jersey Zoo. I am assuming they were the species most frequently seen in captivity: Gnathonemus petersi.

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  93. The International Zoo News for Jan-Feb. 1963 (vol. 10 no. 1) states that, among the many other creatures brought back from southern Africa in 1962 by Jeremy Mallinson was a 'fine Fishing Eagle'. Oddly enough though, Mr Mallinson's book of the expedition, 'Okavango Adventure', which contains an allegedly complete list of the mammals, birds and reptiles brought back, does not mention it.

  94. The arrival of a 'Little Guan' from Guyana is recorded in the International Zoo News (vol. 10 no. 1) for 1962. No scientific name is given and there does not appear to be any species officially known by that name today. However, there is a bird known as the Little Chachalaca (Ortalis motmot). The names 'Guan' and 'Chachalaca' do seem to be interchangeable with certain species. Since the Little Chachalaca is found in Guyana, I am assuming the so-called 'Little Guan' must be this species, and I have listed it accordingly.

  95. It seems the original Galapagos Tortoises (possibly the subspecies was the Porters Black) which arrived in 1962 were only on deposit at Jersey Zoo for three months.

  96. In Jeremy Mallinson's book, 'The Touch of Durrell', he suggests the first Golden Lion Tamarins, Barbary Macaques, African Black-footed Penguins, Crowned Cranes, and Gila Monsters all arrived in 1961, but I'm inclined to think he must be mistaken about the date.