Rodentia

Sciuridae Fischer, 1817

Ratufinae Moore, 1959

Taxon Date Location Notes
Black Giant Squirrel
Ratufa bicolor (Sparrman, 1778)
Dec 1976 London Zoological Society of London Annual Report 1976, p12: Margays and Malayan Giant Squirrels were bred, this being the first time these species have been bred in the United Kingdom.
Indian Giant Squirrel
Ratufa indica (Erxleben, 1777)
1964E Battersea Park International Zoo Yearbook, Vol. 6 (1966) p391. Although Crystal Palace and Battersea Park were both listed as "London GLC" in the International Zoo Yearbooks, this birth was almost certainly at Battersea (John Adams, personal communication).

Sciurinae Fischer, 1817

Taxon Date Location Notes
Grey Squirrel
Sciurus carolinensis Gmelin, 1788
ca.1876 Woburn Illustrated Official Guide to the London Zoological Society's Gardens in Regent's Park (6th ed., 1908) p73, as S. cinereus: The Duke of Bedford, President of the Society, has succeeded in establishing them in the woods at Woburn Abbey.
Eurasian Red Squirrel
Sciurus vulgaris Linnaeus, 1758
? ? Further research required.
Northern Flying Squirrel
Glaucomys sabrinus (Shaw, 1801)
1985E London Zoological Society of London Annual Report 1985-1986, p29.
Southern Flying Squirrel
Glaucomys volans (Linnaeus, 1758)
1840s* Knowsley Woolfall (1990) p18.
Red and White Giant Flying Squirrel
Petaurista alborufus (Milne-Edwards, 1870)
1966* London Zoological Society of London Annual Report 1966, p16: A Red-and-White Flying Squirrel, believed to be the first born in captivity, has been reared in the temporary nocturnal quarters in the Children's Zoo.

Callosciurinae Pocock, 1923

Taxon Date Location Notes
Pallas' Squirrel
Callosciurus erythraeus (Pallas, 1779)
1966* London Zoological Society of London Annual Report 1966, p44.
Prevost's Squirrel
Callosciurus prevostii (Desmarest, 1822)
ca.1965 Aberdeen Undated guidebook (ca.1966): There is a mother and 2 young, the first ever bred and born in captivity.
Indian Palm Squirrel
Funambulus palmarum (Linnaeus, 1766)
1963* High Wycombe International Zoo Yearbook, Vol. 4 (1963) p79: As far as can be ascertained there is no record of this species of squirrel breeding in either Britain or the United States ...
Swinhoe's Striped Squirrel
Tamiops swinhoei (Milne-Edwards, 1874)
1999 Preston Jim Collins (personal communication).

Xerinae Osborn, 1910

Taxon Date Location Notes
Barbary Ground Squirrel
Atlantoxerus getulus (Linnaeus, 1758)
1972E Wheathampstead International Zoo Yearbook, Vol. 14 (1974) p374.
Fire-footed Rope Squirrel
Funisciurus pyrropus leonis Thomas, 1905
Mar 1969 Jersey Jersey Wildlife Preservation Trust Annual Report, No. 7 (1970). This species is also known as Cuvier's Squirrel.
Black-tailed Prairie Marmot
Cynomys ludovicianus (Ord, 1815)
Feb 1864E London Flower (1929) p178: Twenty born in the Gardens 1864-1925.
Alpine Marmot
Marmota marmota (Linnaeus, 1758)
Aug 1936E Whipsnade (in transit) Zoo magazine, Oct 1936 (Vol. 1, No. 5). Five were dispatched from Switzerland, but when the case was opened there were seven - two were born (possibly in the UK) during the short journey.
Woodchuck
Marmota monax (Linnaeus, 1758)
Mar 1872E London Flower (1929) p183: Two born in the Gardens, 31 March, 1872.
European Souslik
Spermophilus citellus (Linnaeus, 1766)
May 1957E Ashover Clinton Keeling (personal communication). Norfolk Wildlife Park claimed a first breeding for this species in 1970.
Golden-mantled Ground Squirrel
Spermophilus lateralis (Say, 1823)
1967* Dublin International Zoo Yearbook, Vol. 9 (1969) p223, as Citellus lateralis.
Richardson's Ground Squirrel
Spermophilus richardsonii (Sabine, 1822)
1963E Dublin International Zoo Yearbook, Vol. 5 (1965) p335.
Siberian Chipmunk
Tamias sibiricus (Laxmann, 1769)
1965E Cosham International Zoo Yearbook, Vol. 6 (1966) p165.
Eastern Chipmunk
Tamias striatus (Linnaeus, 1758)
1907E London Flower (1929) p177: Two born in the Gardens in 1907.
Townsend's Chipmunk
Tamias townsendii Bachman, 1839
1986E London Zoological Society of London Annual Report 1986-1987, p28.

Gliridae Muirhead, 1819

Graphiurinae Winge, 1887

Taxon Date Location Notes
African Woodland Dormouse
Graphiurus murinus (Desmarest, 1822)
1970E London Zoological Society of London Annual Report 1970, p42. London 1966 dns.

Leithiinae Lydekker, 1896

Taxon Date Location Notes
Forest Dormouse
Dryomys nitedula (Pallas, 1778)
1991E London Zoological Society of London Annual Report 1991-1992, p39.
Large-eared Garden Dormouse
Eliomys melanurus (Wagner, 1840)
ca.1997 ? Jim Collins (personal communication). Location unknown: Cobham or Preston?
Hazel Dormouse
Muscardinus avellanarius (Linnaeus, 1758)
1974E Wheathampstead International Zoo Yearbook, Vol. 16 (1976) p389.

Glirinae Muirhead, 1819

Taxon Date Location Notes
Edible Dormouse
Glis glis (Linnaeus, 1766)
ca.43AD ? Kept and bred in clay pots.

Castoridae Hemprich, 1820

Taxon Date Location Notes
American Beaver
Castor canadensis Kuhl, 1820
Jul 1864E London Flower (1929) p185: About thirty born in the Gardens 1864-1916. This species was kept privately, and possibly bred, before 1864.
European Beaver
Castor fiber Linnaeus, 1758
1973 Norfolk WP Williamson and Schomberg (1976) p159: Here, the first European Beaver ever bred in captivity in the British Isles was born and raised in 1973. Norfolk 1970 dns.

Dipodidae Fischer, 1817

Dipodomyinae Gervais, 1853

Taxon Date Location Notes
Merriam's Kangaroo Rat
Dipodomys merriami Mearns, 1890
2006E Bristol Bristol, Clifton and West of England Zoological Society Ltd: Annual Review and Financial Statements for the year ended 31st December 2006, p72.

Dipodinae Fischer, 1817

Taxon Date Location Notes
Lesser Egyptian Jerboa
Jaculus jaculus (Linnaeus, 1758)
1984 London Zoological Society of London Annual Report 1984, p7: Animals in The Clore Pavilion for Small Mammals again produced a large number of babies. Among them were ... many Arabian Jerboas and a Philippine Cloud Rat, both for the first time in Britain.
Greater Egyptian Jerboa
Jaculus orientalis Erxleben, 1777
Apr 1871E London Flower (1929) p218: Seven born in the Gardens: four in 1871 and three in 1910. Possibly bred at Knowsley during the 1830s - see Appendix 1.

Nesomyidae Major, 1897

Cricetomyinae Roberts, 1951

Taxon Date Location Notes
Emin's Pouched Rat
Cricetomys emini Wroughton, 1910
ca.1999 Preston Jim Collins (personal communication).
Gambian Pouched Rat
Cricetomys gambianus Waterhouse, 1840
1962E London International Zoo Yearbook, Vol. 4 (1963) p227.
Southern African Pouched Mouse
Saccostomus campestris Peters, 1846
2002 dns Marwell Marwell Preservation Trust Annual Report 2002.

Nesomyinae Major, 1897

Taxon Date Location Notes
Madagascar Giant Jumping Rat
Hypogeomys antimena A. Grandidier, 1869
Aug 1991 Jersey Zoo Federation News, No. 62, Spring 1992 under Breeding & Husbandry Awards for 1991: First Captive Breeding in the U. K. Progeny reared to independence naturally. Born 02.08.1991.

Cricetidae Fischer, 1817

Arvicolinae Gray, 1821

Taxon Date Location Notes
Mongolian Mountain Vole
Alticola semicanus (G. M. Allen, 1924)
Sep 1996E ? Weigl (2005) p174 as A. s. alleni (A. semicanus is now treated as monotypic). Mike Jordan's private collection.
Eurasian Water Vole
Arvicola amphibius (Linnaeus, 1758)
1981E London Zoological Society of London Annual Report 1981, p30, as A. terrestris.
Arctic Collared Lemming
Dicrostonyx torquatus (Pallas, 1778)
Oct 1986E London Zoological Society of London Annual Report 1986-1987, p28.
Steppe Lemming
Lagurus lagurus (Pallas, 1773)
1961E London International Zoo Yearbook, Vol. 3 (1962) p260.
Norway Lemming
Lemmus lemmus (Linnaeus, 1758)
ca.1965* Aberdeen International Zoo Yearbook, Vol. 6 (1966) p164. These animals were bred by Dr Lil de Kock, founder of the Aberdeen & North of Scotland Zoological Society, at Marischal College. The society opened the Aberdeen Zoo in 1966.
Siberian Brown Lemming
Lemmus sibiricus (Kerr, 1792)
1964E Chessington International Zoo Yearbook, Vol. 6 (1966) p391.
Field Vole
Microtus agrestis (Linnaeus, 1761)
1926E London Flower (1929) p213: Ten born in the Gardens 1926-1927. This species is also known as the Short-tailed Vole.
Orkney Vole
Microtus arvalis (Pallas, 1778)
1985E London Zoological Society of London Annual Report 1985-1986, p29, as M. orcadensis.
Reed Vole
Microtus fortis Büchner, 1889
1998E Marwell Marwell Preservation Trust Annual Report 1998, p34.
Günther's Vole
Microtus guentheri (Danford and Alston, 1880)
Feb 1938E London Weigl (2005) p175. Probably earlier but unrecorded.
Southern Red-backed Vole
Myodes gapperi (Vigors, 1830)
1969E London Zoological Society of London Annual Report 1969, p48 as Clethrionomys gapperi. This species was probably bred around 1830 at London during research into pelage moulting.
Bank Vole
Myodes glareolus (Schreber, 1780)
May 1915E London Keeling (1988).
Jersey Bank Vole
Myodes glareolus (Schreber, 1780)
1996E London Zoological Society of London: Supplement to the Annual Report 1996, p20, as Clethrionomys glareolus caesarius.
Common Muskrat
Ondatra zibethicus (Linnaeus, 1766)
ca.1908 Leonardslee Keeling (1999) p71: What were listed as "Beaver Rats" also did well, with no fewer than 46 being born in 1908 alone. The name "beaver rats" is sometimes used for members of the genus Hydromys but the most likely identity of these animals is the Common Muskrat.
By 1929 muskrats were well established at fur farms in Scotland, Gloucestershire and Sussex.

Cricetinae Fischer, 1817

Taxon Date Location Notes
Striped Dwarf Hamster
Cricetulus barabensis (Pallas, 1773)
ca.1919 ? Henwood (1985) p34, as C. griseus: It has been retained in laboratories since 1919.
Migratory Hamster
Cricetulus migratorius (Pallas, 1773)
1920* London Flower (1929) p190: Seven born in the Gardens during 1920.
Common Hamster
Cricetus cricetus (Linnaeus, 1758)
1979 London Zoological Society of London Annual Report 1979, p27. Henwood (1985) p33: ... the only breeding so far recorded at London Zoo involved a pair being retained together accidentally, one animal chewing its way through to its neighbour's cage.
Golden Hamster
Mesocricetus auratus (Waterhouse, 1839)
ca.1879 ? Shuker (1993) p46: Nothing more emerged regarding this newly-described species until 1879 when some live examples were brought back to England by James Skene ... These thrived and bred for 30 years. The original stock died out in 1910 and all present animals are descended from one male and two females which arrived at Jerusalem's Hebrew University in July 1930.
Roborovski's Hamster
Phodopus roborovskii (Satunin, 1903)
1973 London Zoological Society of London Annual Report 1973, p39.
Dzhungarian Hamster
Phodopus sungorus (Pallas, 1773)
1968 London Zoological Society of London Annual Report 1968, p44. Henwood (1985) p37: It was first retained in this country in 1963 by the Zoological Society of London, but it was not reported as breeding until 1968.
Greater Long-tailed Hamster
Tscherskia triton (de Winton, 1899)
Apr 1928* London Weigl (2005) p175.

Lophiomyinae Milne Edwards, 1867

Taxon Date Location Notes
Maned Rat
Lophiomys imhausi Milne-Edwards, 1867
1960 Jersey Williamson and Schomberg (1976) p48: The Crested Rat, also bred here for the first time in a zoo ...

Neotominae Merriam, 1894

Taxon Date Location Notes
North American Deermouse
Peromyscus maniculatus (Wagner, 1845)
1971E London Zoological Society of London Annual Report 1971, p42. The 1967 annual report listed a birth of "Peromyscus sp." which may well have been the same species.
Oldfield Deermouse
Peromyscus polionotus (Wagner, 1843)
1987 London Zoological Society of London Annual Report 1987-1988, p35. These animals were acquired in 1986 and were initially listed in the annual reports as "Sp. inc."; from 1988 onwards they were listed as P. polionotus.

Sigmodontinae Wagner, 1843

Taxon Date Location Notes
Pampas Gerbil
Reithrodon typicus Waterhouse, 1837
1912* London Flower (1929) p191: Twenty-one born in the Gardens 1912-1914. This species is also known as the Bunny Rat.
Hispid Cotton Rat
Sigmodon hispidus Say and Ord, 1825
Jul 1944E London Keeling (1988).

Tylomyinae Reig, 1984

Taxon Date Location Notes
Sumichrast's Vesper Rat
Nyctomys sumichrasti (Saussure, 1860)
Oct 1933*† London Zuckerman in Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1953, p856. Alternative name: Sumichrast's Night Mouse.

Muridae Illiger, 1811

Deomyinae Thomas, 1888

Taxon Date Location Notes
Northeast African Spiny Mouse
Acomys cahirinus (E. Geoffroy, 1803)
1894* London Flower (1929) p200 as Acomys hunteri: Eleven born in the Gardens 1894-1895.
Turkish Spiny Mouse
Acomys cilicicus Spitzenberger, 1978
1999E ? Weigl (2005) p180. Mike Jordan's private collection.
Eastern Spiny Mouse
Acomys dimidiatus (Cretzschmar, 1826)
1968E London Zoological Society of London Annual Report 1968, p44.
Golden Spiny Mouse
Acomys russatus (Wagner, 1840)
1953 London Zoological Society of London Annual Report 1953, p?.
The National Federation of Zoological Gardens of Great Britain and Ireland (Zoo Federation News, No. 39, Spring 1984) gave a first breeding award to the Zoological Society of London for a breeding of Acomys russatus lewesi in 1983. This species is now regarded as monotypic.
Percival's Spiny Mouse
Acomys percivali Dollman, 1911
2007 Chester Z: The Official Magazine for Chester Zoo Members and Adopters, Issue 32 (Winter 2007): A species new to the collection and the first time ever kept in the UK ... breeding well since its arrival ... These animals were collected in Kenya and are believed to be a new species (currently awaiting a formal description). These animals were later identified as A. percivali.

Gerbillinae Gray, 1825

Taxon Date Location Notes
Harwood's Gerbil
Dipodillus harwoodi (Thomas, 1901)
Mar 1972E London Zoological Society of London Annual Report 1972, p40 as Gerbillus harwoodi.
Cape Gerbil
Gerbilliscus afra (Gray, 1830)
1970E London Zoological Society of London Annual Report 1970, p42 as Tatera afra.
Lesser Egyptian Gerbil
Gerbillus gerbillus (Olivier, 1801)
Jun 1907*† London Flower (1929) p204: Five born in the Gardens in 1907.
Pale Gerbil
Gerbillus perpallidus Setzer, 1958
1988E London Zoological Society of London Annual Report 1988-1989, p45.
Greater Egyptian Gerbil
Gerbillus pyramidum Geoffroy, 1803
1976E London Zoological Society of London Annual Report 1976, p37.
Tarabul's Gerbil
Gerbillus tarabuli Thomas, 1902
1904* London Flower (1929) p205: Seven born in the Gardens in 1904.
Sundevall's Jird
Meriones crassus Sundevall, 1842
1883 London Flower (1929) p208 as M. longifrons: Ninety-four born in the Gardens 1883-1889.
Libyan Jird
Meriones libycus Lichtenstein, 1823
1892* London Further research required.
Persian Jird
Meriones persicus (Blanford, 1875)
Sep 1996E ? Weigl (2005) p178. Mike Jordan's private collection.
Shaw's Jird
Meriones shawi (Duvernoy, 1842)
1892* London Flower (1929) p207: At least 224 born in the Gardens 1892-1927 have been called M. shawi. For some reason, this sentence was included under the entry for Libyan Jird Meriones libycus.
Mongolian Jird
Meriones unguiculatus (Milne-Edwards, 1867)
1964 ? Hearne (1978) p87: ... the first 12 breeding pairs reached Britain in 1964, followed soon afterwards by another 12 pairs.
Fat-tailed Jird
Pachyuromys duprasi Lataste, 1880
1903* London Zuckerman in Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1953, p860.
Fat Sand Rat
Psammomys obesus Cretzschmar, 1828
1932* London Zuckerman in Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1953, p860.
Indian Gerbil
Tatera indica (Hardwicke, 1807)
Dec 1961E London Weigl (2005) p179. This birth is not recorded in International Zoo Yearbook, Vol. 3 (1962) or the Zoological Society of London Annual Report 1961.

Murinae Illiger, 1811

Taxon Date Location Notes
Yellow-necked Field Mouse
Apodemus flavicollis (Melchior, 1834)
1986E Birmingham NC International Zoo Yearbook, Vol. 28 (1989) p462.
Long-tailed Field Mouse
Apodemus sylvaticus (Linnaeus, 1758)
1970E London Zoological Society of London Annual Report 1970, p42.
Great Field Rat
Arvicanthis abyssinicus (Rüppell, 1842)
1960* London International Zoo Yearbook, Vol. 2 (1961) p258.
Neumann's Arvicanthis
Arvicanthis neumanni (Matschie, 1894)
2007 Chester 2007 Annual Report of the North of England Zoological Society: Mammals.
Nile Rat
Arvicanthis niloticus (E. Geoffroy, 1803)
Jun 1894* London Flower (1929) p197: Two born in the Gardens 7 June, 1894, and four 8 Feb. 1897.
Greater Bandicoot Rat
Bandicota indica (Bechstein, 1800)
Oct 1831*† London Flower (1929) p201 as Nesokia bandicota: One born in the Gardens 5 Aug. 1886. Seven (of this species?) born 17 Oct. 1831.
Panay Cloud Rat
Crateromys heaneyi Gonzales and Kennedy, 1996
Nov 2004 London Zoological Society of London: Animals in the Collection 2004, p2.
African Marsh Rat
Dasymys incomtus (Sundevall, 1847)
1908* London Flower (1929) p199: One born in the Gardens in 1908.
Long-tailed Thicket Rat
Grammomys dolichurus (Smuts, 1832)
1972 London Zoological Society of London Annual Report 1972, p40.
Barbary Striped Grass Mouse
Lemniscomys barbarus (Linnaeus, 1766)
1852* London Flower (1929) p197 as Arvicanthis barbarus: Ten born in the Gardens in 1852, three born 4 June, 1855, three born 3 Oct. 1860, and eleven in 1893.
Striped Grass Mouse
Lemniscomys striatus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Jul 1936E London Zuckerman in Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1953, p858.
Large-eared Swamp Rat
Malacomys edwardsi Rochebrune, 1885
2000E Marwell Marwell Preservation Trust Annual Report 2000, p31.
Southern African Multimammate Rat
Mastomys coucha (Smith, 1834)
1923* London Flower (1929) p195: Fourteen born in the Gardens 1923-1925. This species is also known as the White-nosed Rat.
Guinea Multimammate Rat
Mastomys erythroleucus (Temminck, 1853)
Nov 1936*† London Zuckerman in Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1953, p857.
Natal Multimammate Rat
Mastomys natalensis (Smith, 1834)
ca.1939 ? Henwood (1985) p90, as Praomys natalensis: It was introduced to the laboratory in 1939 by Dr. Davis.
Harvest Mouse
Micromys minutus (Pallas, 1771)
1977E London Zoological Society of London Annual Report 1977, p23.
Sand-coloured Soft-furred Rat
Millardia gleadowi (Murray, 1885)
1967E London Zoological Society of London Annual Report 1967, p39.
Southern African Pygmy Mouse
Mus minutoides Smith, 1834
Oct 1924* London Flower (1929) p196 as Mus musculoïdes: Eight born in the Gardens 1924-1925: all were reared.
Chestnut Spiny Rat
Niviventer fulvescens (Gray, 1847)
1964 London International Zoo Yearbook, Vol. 6 (1966) p392, as Rattus huang. This species is also known as Huang's Rat.
Spinifex Hopping Mouse
Notomys alexis Thomas, 1922
1997E London Zoological Society of London Annual Report 1997: Part 2, p20.
Mitchell's Hopping Mouse
Notomys mitchellii (Ogilby, 1838)
Feb 1863*† London Flower (1929) p202: Ten born in the Gardens - two in 1863, eight in 1924.
Slender-tailed Cloud Rat
Phloeomys pallidus Nehring, 1890
Sep 1984 London Zoological Society of London Annual Report 1984, p7: Animals in The Clore Pavilion for Small Mammals again produced a large number of babies. Among them were ... many Arabian Jerboas and a Philippine Cloud Rat, both for the first time in Britain. These animals were listed in the inventory as P. cumingi, but were later re-identified as P. pallidus.
Zoo Federation News, No. 42, Spring 1985 as Phloemys cumingi under Breeding & Husbandry Awards for 1984: First Captive Breeding in the U. K. Progeny reared to independence naturally.
Chestnut Tree Mouse
Pogonomys macrourus (Milne-Edwards, 1877)
Jun 1975E London Zoological Society of London Annual Report 1975, p35.
Tullberg's Soft-furred Rat
Praomys tullbergi (Thomas, 1894)
Apr 1937*† London Zuckerman in Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1953, p858.
Plains Mouse
Pseudomys australis Gray, 1832
1974 London Zoological Society of London Annual Report 1974, p31.
Brown Rat
Rattus norvegicus (Berkenhout, 1769)
ca.1728 ? Early domestication?
Black Rat
Rattus rattus (Linnaeus, 1758)
? ? Further research required.
Sladen's Rat
Rattus tanezumi Temminck, 1844
1967 London Zoological Society of London Annual Report 1967, p39 as R. rattus sladeni. The subspecies sladeni is no longer considered valid.
Yellow-breasted Rat
Rattus tanezumi Temminck, 1844
1962* London International Zoo Yearbook, Vol. 4 (1963) p227, as Rattus rattus flavipectus.
Mesic Four-striped Grass Rat
Rhabdomys dilectus (de Winton, 1897)
2007 Chester Reference needed.
Xeric Four-striped Grass Mouse
Rhabdomys pumilio (Sparrman, 1784)
1967E London Zoological Society of London Annual Report 1967, p39.
Acacia Rat
Thallomys paedulcus (Sundevall, 1846)
2001E Preston Jim Collins (personal communication).
Long-tailed Climbing Mouse
Vandeleuria oleracea (Bennett, 1832)
Mar 1956E London Zoological Society of London Report of the Council and Auditors for 1956, p32.

Pedetidae Gray, 1825

Taxon Date Location Notes
South African Springhaas
Pedetes capensis (Forster, 1778)
Apr 1985
1986
Rushden1
London2
[1] International Zoo News, No. 192 (Vol. 32/4, Jul/Aug 1985) p41: Five female springhaar (Pedetes capensis) were imported from South Africa on 4 April. On 18 April one female was seen to have given birth ... This is the first recorded rearing in the United Kingdom in recent times.
[2] Zoological Society of London Annual Report 1986-87, p28: Other births of note included a Springhaas (the first ever at London Zoo in the 87 years since they were first kept here).

Ctenodactylidae Gervais, 1853

Taxon Date Location Notes
Common Gundi
Ctenodactylus gundi (Rothmann, 1776)
? Shaldon Further research required.

Bathyergidae Waterhouse, 1841

Heterocephalinae Landry, 1957

Taxon Date Location Notes
Naked Mole Rat
Heterocephalus glaber Rüppell, 1842
1984 London Zoological Society of London Annual Report 1984, p28. International Zoo News, No. 180 (Vol. 30/4, Jul/Aug 1983) p44: Births during May 1983 included: ... naked mole rat (12) (the first ever born in any zoo) - according to the annual report for this year, the offspring did not survive.
Zoo Federation News, No. 42, Spring 1985 under Breeding & Husbandry Awards for 1984: First Captive Breeding in the U. K. Progeny reared to independence naturally. 25 were born.

Hystricidae Fischer, 1817

Taxon Date Location Notes
African Brush-tailed Porcupine
Atherurus africanus Gray, 1842
1907E London Flower (1929) p222: One born in the Gardens in 1907.
Asiatic Brush-tailed Porcupine
Atherurus macrourus (Linnaeus, 1758)
May 1924E London Flower (1929) p222: One born in the Gardens 20 May, 1924, and one 17 Sept. 1925: both reared.
Cape Porcupine
Hystrix africaeaustralis Peter, 1852
1997E London Zoological Society of London Annual Report 1997 Part 2, p20.
Malayan Porcupine
Hystrix brachyura Linnaeus, 1758
1914* London Flower (1929) p222 as H. longicauda: Eleven born in the Gardens 1914-1927: generally reared.
Crested Porcupine
Hystrix cristata Linnaeus, 1758
Early 18th C? ? This species was probably bred before 1758. London first bred this species in 1833. Further research required.
Indian Crested Porcupine
Hystrix indica Kerr, 1792
1865E London Flower (1929) p221 as H. leucura: Seven born in the Gardens 1865-1867.
Sumatran Porcupine
Hystrix sumatrae (Lyon, 1907)
ca.1937E Whipsnade Whipsnade Zoo guidebook (1938) p36: The Sumatran Porcupine is a native of south-eastern Asia and breeds regularly in the Park. Whipsnade kept H. cristata when it first opened and these were replaced by H. sumatrae around 1937.

Erethizontidae Bonaparte, 1845

Erethizontinae Bonaparte, 1845

Taxon Date Location Notes
Brazilian Porcupine
Coendou prehensilis (Linnaeus, 1758)
1985E dns London Zoological Society of London Annual Report 1985-1986, p29. Chester dns.
North American Porcupine
Erethizon dorsatum (Linnaeus, 1758)
May 1884E London Flower (1929) p223: Two have been born in the Gardens, in the month of May: one in 1884, one in 1916.
Orange-spined Hairy Dwarf Porcupine
Sphiggurus villosus (F. Cuvier, 1823)
Jul 1878E London Flower (1929) p225 as Coendou villosus: One born in the Gardens 9 July, 1878. This species may have bred at Knowsley in 1836.

Chinchillidae Bennett, 1833

Taxon Date Location Notes
Long-tailed Chinchilla
Chinchilla lanigera Bennett, 1829
1848E London Flower (1929) p235: Thirty born in the Gardens 1848-1908. This species was first imported by Capt. Beechey in 1829.
Northern Mountain Viscacha
Lagidium peruanum Meyen, 1833
1972 London Wellcome Zoological Society of London Annual Report 1972, p24: A Mountain Viscacha (Lagidium peruanum), born after a 140-day gestation, is the first known conception and birth of this species in captivity.
Southern Mountain Viscacha
Lagidium viscacia (Molina, 1782)
Apr 1867E London Flower (1929) p236 as Vizcacia viscacia: Twenty four born in the Gardens 1867-1897.
Argentine Plains Viscacha
Lagostomus maximus (Desmarest, 1817)
1967? London Wellcome Kept at the Wellcome Institute from 1967 where the species bred regularly (breeding not specifically mentioned in the 1967 annual report).

Caviidae Fischer, 1817

Caviinae Fischer, 1817

Taxon Date Location Notes
Pampas Cavy
Cavia fulgida Wagler, 1831
1959E London International Zoo Yearbook, Vol. 1 (1960) p142.
Common Yellow-toothed Cavy
Galea musteloides Meyen, 1832
1971 London Zoological Society of London Annual Report 1971, p42. This species is also known as the Cuis.

Dolichotinae Pocock, 1922

Taxon Date Location Notes
Patagonian Mara
Dolichotis patagonum (Zimmermann, 1780)
1894E London Flower (1929) p238 as D. magellanica: Ten born in the Gardens 1894-1899, May to Sept.
Chacoan Mara
Dolichotis salinicola Burmeister, 1876
Mar 1932*† London Zuckerman in Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1953, p866. Formerly included in the genus Pediolagus.

Hydrochoerinae Gray, 1825

Taxon Date Location Notes
Capybara
Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris (Linnaeus, 1766)
? ? It is possible that Capybara bred at Knowsley pre 1851 - see Appendix 1. London 1874 dns. The first live capybara exhibited in the UK was at Kendrick's menagerie, London c.1808. It lived for two years.
Rock Cavy
Kerodon rupestris (Wied, 1820)
Sep 1981 London Zoo Federation News, No. 33, Spring 1982 under Breeding & Husbandry Awards 1981: First Captive Breeding in the U. K. Progeny reared to independence by parents. Two litters were born: 03.09.1981 and 29.12.1981.

Dasyproctidae Bonaparte, 1838

Taxon Date Location Notes
Azara's Agouti
Dasyprocta azarae Lichtenstein, 1823
? Crystal Palace Misidentified as D. leporina. Further research required.
Black Agouti
Dasyprocta fuliginosa Wagler, 1832
1983E Kilverstone International Zoo Yearbook, Vol. 24/25 (1986) p531. Kilverstone 1981 dns.
Orange-rumped Agouti
Dasyprocta leporina (Linnaeus, 1758)
1851E London Flower (1929) p232 as D. aguti: At least nineteen born in the Gardens 1851-1925.
Black-rumped Agouti
Dasyprocta prymnolopha Wagler, 1831
Nov 1876* London Flower (1929) p233: At least eighteen born in the Gardens 1876-1926, and three hybrids between this species and D. agouti [=D. leporina] born in 1922. Newquay claimed a first breeding for this species in 2008.
Central American Agouti
Dasyprocta punctata Gray, 1842
Nov 1872E London Flower (1929) p233: At least five born in the Gardens - 1872, 1874, 1877 and 1913.
Red Acouchi
Myoprocta acouchy (Erxleben, 1777)
1964 Chester International Zoo Yearbook, Vol. 6 (1966), p393.
Green Acouchi
Myoprocta pratti Pocock, 1913
Sep 1961 Norfolk WP Ornamental Pheasant Trust and Norfolk Wildlife Park Annual Report 1964, p27: The original birth on 1st September, 1961 is thought to be the first time this species has been bred in captivity in Europe. London bred this species in 1962.

Cuniculidae Miller and Gidley, 1918

Taxon Date Location Notes
Lowland Paca
Cuniculus paca (Linnaeus, 1766)
May 1888†
Jul 1966
London1 Chessington2 [1] Flower (1929) p231: Two born in the Gardens - one 1 May, 1888, one 29 Feb. 1920.
[2] International Zoo Yearbook, Vol. 8 (1968) p297.
The National Federation of Zoological Gardens of Great Britain and Ireland (Zoo Federation News, No. 53, Autumn 1988/Spring 1989) gave a first breeding award to the Chester Zoo for a birth which occured 20.12.1988.

Ctenomyidae, Lesson 1842

Taxon Date Location Notes
Tuco-tuco
Ctenomys talarum Thomas, 1898
1967? London Wellcome? Kept at the Wellcome Institute from 1967 where the species bred regularly (breeding not specifically mentioned in the 1967 annual report).

Octodontidae Waterhouse, 1839

Taxon Date Location Notes
Degu
Octodon degus (Molina, 1782)
Dec 1868E London Flower (1929) p226: Many born in the Gardens 1868-1913. Possibly bred at Knowsley before this date - see Appendix 1. This species was once known as Cuming's Octodont; named after Mr H. Cuming who presented the Zoological Society of London with its first specimens in October 1831.

Echimyidae Gray, 1825

Eumysopinae Rusconi, 1935

Taxon Date Location Notes
Guaira Spiny-rat
Proechimys guairae Thomas, 1901
1971 London Wellcome Zoological Society of London Annual Report 1971, p23. Weigl (2005) listed a specimen of P. gularis [=P. brevicauda] born at London Zoo in 1979 but the annual report for that year listed only P. guairae. This species is also known as the Casiragua.

Myocastoridae Ameghino, 1904

Taxon Date Location Notes
Coypu
Myocastor coypus (Molina, 1782)
1883E London Flower (1929) p229: 119 born in the Gardens 1883-1927. This species was widely kept - and probably bred - before this date.

Capromyidae Smith, 1842

Capromyinae Smith, 1842

Taxon Date Location Notes
Desmarest's Hutia
Capromys pilorides (Say, 1822)
Mar 1868E London Flower (1929) p227: Eight born in the Gardens (one 12 March; one 6 May; three 12 May; three 7 Aug.) in 1868.
Jamaican Hutia
Geocapromys brownii (Fischer, 1830)
Aug 1975 Jersey Williamson and Schomberg (1976) p48: They bred here for the first time in captivity.

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