Primates

Cheirogaleidae Gray, 1873

Taxon Date Location Notes
Fat-tailed Dwarf Lemur
Cheirogaleus medius E. Geoffroy, 1812
1987E London Zoological Society of London Annual Report 1987-1988, p34.
Lesser Mouse Lemur
Microcebus murinus (J. F. Miller, 1777)
1967E London Zoological Society of London Annual Report 1967, p38.
Coquerel's Dwarf Lemur
Mirza coquereli (A. Grandidier, 1867)
1885*† London Flower (1929) p55 as Microcebus coquereli: Two born in the Gardens in Aug. 1885.


Lemuridae Gray, 1821

Taxon Date Location Notes
White-fronted Lemur
Eulemur albifrons (E. Geoffroy, 1796)
1985 Rushden International Zoo News, No. 192 (Vol. 32/4, Jul/Aug 1985) p42: The birth of twin white-fronted lemur (Lemur macaco albifrons) at Ravensden Farm was also a first United Kingdom breeding.
White-collared Lemur
Eulemur albocollaris (Rumpler, 1975)
2001 Middleton International Zoo News, No. 325 (Vol. 50/4, Jun 2003) p258: The infant white-collared lemur is thought to be the first born in the U.K.
Collared Lemur
Eulemur collaris (E. Geoffroy, 1812)
1995 Hamerton Hamerton Zoological Park guidebook (undated: ca.2002): The Collared Lemur was first bred in Europe here at Hamerton in 1995 ...
Crowned Lemur
Eulemur coronatus (Gray, 1842)
1899E London Flower (1929) p53 as Lemur coronatus: Five born in the Gardens 1899-1901.
Brown Lemur
Eulemur fulvus (E. Geoffroy, 1796)
1846E London Flower (1929) p52 as Lemur fulvus: Twenty-eight of at least five varieties born in the Gardens 1846-1912; seven of these at the periods when they were born were considered to be hybrids between different species. In fact, three of the "varieties" listed are now regarded as full species once more: White-fronted Lemur Lemur albifrons; Collared Lemur Lemur collaris; and Red-fronted Lemur Lemur rufifrons (all three are now placed in the genus Eulemur). The remainder are now treated as synonyms of other taxa. Unfortunately, Flower did not record which of the "varieties" bred.
Mayotte Brown Lemur
Eulemur fulvus (E. Geoffroy, 1796)
1973E London Zoological Society of London Annual Report 1973, p38 as Lemur fulvus mayottensis. Jersey 1973 dns. The subspecies mayottensis is no longer considered valid as the animals on Mayotte Island are now believed to have been introduced from Madagascar.
Black Lemur
Eulemur macaco (Linnaeus, 1766)
1884E London Flower (1929) p51 as Lemur macaco: Sixteen born in the Gardens 1814-1916, and four hybrids between males of this species and females of Lemur fulvus. This species was first imported into this country in 1755.
Sclater's Lemur
Eulemur macaco flavifrons (Gray, 1867)
May 2002 Linton Linton Zoo News, Issue 11 (April/Winter 2002): The baby lemur photographed here at Linton Zoo is not only very attractive but is noteworthy in being the first Sclater's Lemur to be born in the United Kingdom. Born on the 8th May 2002, this little female ....
Mongoose Lemur
Eulemur mongoz (Linnaeus, 1766)
1865E London Flower (1929) p53 as Lemur mongoz: Three born in the Gardens 1865-1872.
Red-bellied Lemur
Eulemur rubriventer (I. Geoffroy, 1850)
Sep 1908E1
19982
London
Banham
1. Keeling (1988) p27, quoting from the Zoological Society of London's Daily Occurrences Book, which states that a "Red-footed Lemur", born in the zoo in 1908, died 8th January 1915. Lemur rufipes is a synonym of Eulemur rubriventer and was considered to be a 'variety' of the Brown Lemur at the time.
2. The Federation of Zoological Gardens of Great Britain and Ireland Mammal Inventory 1998, p9. Banham 1997 dns.
Red-fronted Lemur
Eulemur rufus (Audebert, 1799)
Apr 1982E Bristol Earliest birth listed in the studbook (Jan Vermeer, personal communication). 
Sanford's Lemur
Eulemur sanfordi (Archbold, 1932)
? ? Further research required.
Alaotran Gentle Lemur
Hapalemur alaotrensis Rumpler, 1975
1993 Jersey South Lakes Wild Animal Park guidebook (7th edition, 2003) p48: The first ever captive birth of a Bandro [the Malagasy name for this species] was at Jersey Zoo in 1993.
Western Grey Bamboo Lemur
Hapalemur occidentalis Rumpler, 1975
Jul 2003E Banham Earliest birth listed in the studbook (Jan Vermeer, personal communication).  Banham 2002 dns.
Ring-tailed Lemur
Lemur catta Linnaeus, 1758
1858E London Flower (1929) p54: About nine born in the Gardens 1858-1913.
Greater Bamboo Lemur
Prolemur simus (Gray, 1871)
2006 Port Lympne Port Lympne Wild Animal Park (personal communication).
Red Ruffed Lemur
Varecia rubra (E. Geoffroy, 1812)
1984 Jersey Jersey Wildlife Preservation Trust: Dodo No. 21 (1984) p142. Jersey received pairs of Red and Black-and-white Ruffed Lemurs, the first pure-bred pairs in the country, on loan from San Diego Zoo in 1982. Both pairs bred successfully for the first time in 1984.
Black-and-white Ruffed Lemur
Varecia variegata (Kerr, 1792)
1984 Jersey Jersey Wildlife Preservation Trust: Dodo No. 21 (1984) p142. See above.


Indriidae Burnett, 1828

Taxon Date Location Notes
Crowned Sifaka
Propithecus deckenii coronatus Milne-Edwards, 1871
Mar 2008 Belfast Independent Zoo Enthusiast's Society: Zoo Grapevine (Spring 2008): Early March saw the first UK breeding of Crowned Sifaka.


Daubentoniidae Gray, 1863

Taxon Date Location Notes
Aye-aye
Daubentonia madagascariensis (Gmelin, 1788)
Aug 1992 Jersey Jersey Zoo guidebook (undated: ca.1999) p11: In August 1992 the first birth of an Aye-aye conceived and born in captivity was recorded ... A female which arrived at London Zoo in 1862 is believed to have been the first to reach Europe alive (Edwards, 2012, p33)


Lorisidae Gray, 1821

Taxon Date Location Notes
Angwantibo
Arctocebus calabarensis (J. A. Smith, 1860)
Feb 1968 London Zoological Society of London Annual Report 1968, p43. XYZ Magazine, No. 28 (Spring 1968) p16. International Zoo Yearbook, Vol. 10 (1970) p252. London Wellcome 1965 dns.
Slender Loris
Loris tardigradus (Linnaeus, 1758)
1963 London Wellcome International Zoo Yearbook, Vol. 5 (1965) p331. Two species of Slender Loris are now recognised (L. tardigradus and L. lydekkerianus) and the exact identity of the captive population is unclear.
Slow Loris
Nycticebus coucang (Boddaert, 1785)
1963 London Wellcome International Zoo Yearbook, Vol. 5 (1965) p331.
Pygmy Slow Loris
Nycticebuspygmaeus Bonhote, 1907
1997E London Zoological Society of London Annual Report 1997: Part 2, p19.
Potto
Perodicticus potto (Müller, 1766)
1959* Jersey International Zoo Yearbook, Vol. 1 (1960) p140.


Galagidae Gray, 1825

Taxon Date Location Notes
Allen's Galago
Galago alleni Waterhouse, 1838
1969E dns London Zoological Society of London Annual Report 1969, p48.
Demidoff's Galago
Galago demidoff Fischer, 1806
1891 Lilford Park Crandall (1964) p81: Lord Lilford (1892) reports the birth of a Demidoff's galago in 1891, perhaps the first of this species to be born in England.
Moholi Galago
Galago moholi A. Smith, 1836
1855E London Flower (1929) p58: Nine born in the Gardens 1855-1927. Possibly
Galago senegalensis.
Senegal Galago
Galago senegalensis E. Geoffroy, 1796
1971 London Zoological Society of London Annual Report 1971, p41. This species was extensively kept, and possibly bred, by zoos and private keepers before this date. Further research required.
Brown Greater Galago
Otolemur crassicaudatus (E. Geoffroy, 1812)
May 1944E London Weigl (2005) p48. This animal lived until May 1958.
Northern Greater Galago
Otolemur garnettii (Ogilby, 1838)
May 1930*† London Zuckerman in Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1953, p836. This species is also known as the Small-eared Galago.


Tarsiidae Gray, 1825

Taxon Date Location Notes
Spectral Tarsier
Tarsius tarsier (Erxleben, 1777)
Aug 2012 Sandwich RSCCReference needed.


Cebidae Bonaparte, 1831

Callitrichinae Gray, 1821

Taxon Date Location Notes
Goeldi's Monkey
Callimico goeldii (Thomas, 1904)
May 1975 Jersey International Zoo Yearbook, Vol. 22 (1982) p103: Between May 1975 and April 1981, 40 births had occurred at Jersey Zoo ...
Silvery Marmoset
Callithrix argentata (Linnaeus, 1771)
1969*
1969*
London1
Twycross2
[1] Zoological Society of London Annual Report 1969, p48. London 1968 dns.
[2] International Zoo Yearbook, Vol. 11 (1971) p263.
Geoffroy's Marmoset
Callithrix geoffroyi (Humboldt, 1812)
1968E London Zoological Society of London Annual Report 1968, p44. London 1967 dns. This species is also known as the White-fronted Marmoset.
Tassel-eared Marmoset
Callithrix humeralifera (E. Geoffroy, 1812)
Apr 1989 Kilverstone Zoo Federation News, No. 56, Spring 1990 under Breeding & Husbandry Awards for 1989: First Captive Breeding in the U. K. Progeny reared to independence naturally. Two were born 09.04.1989.
Common Marmoset
Callithrix jacchus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Mar 1832E
1833
London1
Knowsley2
[1] Flower (1929) p46 as Hapale jacchus: Four born in the Gardens - two 22 March, 1832, and two 29 May, 1892.
[2] Bartlett (1898) p152.
Black-tailed Marmoset
Callithrix melanura (E. Geoffroy, 1812)
? ? Further research required.
Black-pencilled Marmoset
Callithrix penicillata (E. Geoffroy, 1812)
1955 London Zoological Society of London Annual Report 1955, p25. Kilverstone claimed a first breeding for this species in 1988 (Zoo Federation News, Autumn 1988/Spring 1989).
Pygmy Marmoset
Callithrix pygmaea (Spix, 1823)
1961* London International Zoo Yearbook, Vol. 3 (1962) p257 as Cebuella pygmaea.
White-bellied Pygmy Marmoset
Callithrix pygmaea niveiventris (Lönnberg, 1940)
1999* Belfast Belfast Zoo: Zoo Crack No. 46 (Summer/Autumn 1999): A group of eight pygmy marmosets were received from a rescue centre in The Netherlands ... The group travelled to Belfast this spring and almost immediately produced and reared another set of twins.
Golden-headed Lion Tamarin
Leontopithecus chrysomelas (Kuhl, 1820)
Feb 1988 Jersey Zoo Federation News, No. 53, Autumn 1988/Spring 1989 under Breeding & Husbandry Awards for 1988: First Captive Breeding in the U. K. Progeny reared to independence naturally. Four were born.
Black Lion Tamarin
Leontopithecus chrysopygus (Mikan, 1823)
Apr 1991 Jersey Zoo Federation News, No. 62, Spring 1992 under Breeding & Husbandry Awards for 1991: First Captive Breeding in the U. K. Progeny reared to independence naturally. One was born 15.04.1991.
This species is also known as the Golden-rumped Lion Tamarin.
Golden Lion Tamarin
Leontopithecus rosalia (Linnaeus, 1766)
1930* Shavington Chester Zoo (personal communication).
Arkbeat magazine, No. 2 (Spring 1995) p10: claimed first breeding as London 1872, but no callitrichid births recorded by Sclater.
Pied Tamarin
Saguinus bicolor (Spix, 1823)
1992 Jersey International Zoo Yearbook, Vol. 33 (1994) p372. Jersey 1991 dns.
Red-mantled Tamarin
Saguinus fuscicollis illigeri (Pucheran 1845)
1969 London Zoological Society of London Annual Report 1969, p48 as Leontocebus illigeri.
Saddle-backed Tamarin
Saguinus fuscicollis (Spix, 1823)
1970E Morecambe International Zoo Yearbook, Vol. 12 (1972) p316.
Brown-tailed Tamarin
Saguinus fuscicollis fuscus (Lesson, 1840)
Dec 1976 Jersey Weigl (2005) p50. This animal lived until February 1987.
Weddell's Tamarin
Saguinus fuscicollis weddelli (Deville, 1849)
Jan 1978 Banham Zoo Federation News, No. 24, Spring 1979 under Breeding & Husbandry Awards 1978: First Captive Breeding in the U. K. Progeny reared to independence by parents. 2.2 were born: 1.1 on 18.01.1978 and 1.1 on 29.03.1978.
Geoffroy's Tamarin
Saguinus geoffroyi (Pucheran, 1845)
1979 Bristol International Zoo Yearbook, Vol. 21 (1980) p309, as S. oedipus geoffroyi.
Emperor Tamarin
Saguinus imperator (Goeldi, 1907)
1978* Bristol International Zoo Yearbook, Vol. 20 (1980) p422.
White-lipped Tamarin
Saguinus labiatus (E. Geoffroy, 1812)
1977 Banham Smith (1979) p49: Particularly important breeding successes include ... the Weddell's and Red-bellied, or White-lipped, Tamarins (both a first for Britain). International Zoo Yearbook, Vol. 19 (1979) p351.
Red-handed Tamarin
Saguinus midas (Linnaeus, 1758)
Pre 1932 Shavington The Bartlett Society Newsletter, August 1994.
Black-handed Tamarin
Saguinus niger (E. Geoffroy, 1803)
Sep 1988 Kilverstone Zoo Federation News, No. 53, Autumn 1988/Spring 1989 as S. midas niger under Breeding & Husbandry Awards for 1989: First Captive Breeding in the U. K. Progeny reared to independence naturally. Two were born 18.09.1988
Black-mantled Tamarin
Saguinus nigricollis (Spix, 1823)
1968 dns Morecambe International Zoo Yearbook, Vol. 10 (1975) p253, as Leontocebus nigricollis. This species is also known as the Black-and-red Tamarin.
Cotton-top Tamarin
Saguinus oedipus (Linnaeus, 1758)
1970E London Zoological Society of London Annual Report 1970, p41 as Leontocebus oedipus: Cotton-headed Tamarins had been born both in 1968 and 1969 but lived only a short time; two were successfully reared this year.


Cebinae Bonaparte, 1821

Taxon Date Location Notes
White-fronted Capuchin
Cebus albifrons (Humboldt, 1812)
1972*
1972*
Howletts1
Chester2
[1] and [2] International Zoo Yearbook, Vol. 14 (1974) p368.
Brown Capuchin
Cebus apella (Linnaeus, 1758)
Sep 1885E London Flower (1929) p38: One, ?, born in the Menagerie 2 Sept. 1885.
White-throated Capuchin
Cebus capucinus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Jul 1849E
1968
London1
Crystal Palace or Battersea Park2
[1] Flower (1929) p38: One ... born in the Gardens 3 July, 1849; it lived till 4 Feb. 1850.
[2] International Zoo Yearbook, Vol. 10 (1970) p252. Crystal Palace and Battersea Park were both listed as 'London GLC' so this birth could have been at either collection.
Weeper Capuchin
Cebus olivaceus Schomburgk, 1848
1963E Dublin International Zoo Yearbook, Vol. 5 (1965) p331, as C. nigrivittatus.
Buffy-headed Capuchin
Cebus xanthosternos Wied-Neuwied, 1826
1996 Chester North of England Zoological Society Annual Report 1996, p18: The long awaited arrival of the very rare Buffy-headed Capuchins occurred early in 1996. Immediately the two pairs mated and two infants were born. Sadly one, a female, was stillborn.


Saimiriinae Miller, 1812

Taxon Date Location Notes
Bolivian Squirrel Monkey
Saimiri boliviensis (I. Geoffroy and Blainville, 1834)
1975 Paignton The Herbert Whitley Trust and Paignton Zoological and Botanical Gardens Annual Report and Accounts 1975-1976, p26., as S. sciurea. The Paignton group was later (from the 1985-86 annual report) reclassified as S. boliviensis. This species is also known as the Black-capped Squirrel Monkey.
Common Squirrel Monkey
Saimiri sciureus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Sep 1952 Bristol Crandall (1964) p96: Up to 1952 there appear to be have been no births of squirrel monkeys in captivity. In that year the female of a pair of S. sciureus received at the Bristol Zoo, England, in 1950, produced a single youngster.


Aotidae Elliot, 1913

Taxon Date Location Notes
Three-striped Douroucouli
Aotus trivirgatus (Humboldt, 1811)
Aug 1933 Haslington Dr. Willie English in Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1934, p143. Once regarded as a monotypic genus, Aotus now includes at least eight species and further research is required to ascertain the exact identify of those kept and bred in this country.
Spix's Douroucouli
Aotus vociferans (Spix, 1823)
Dec 2014Wingham Three pairs were received from Fundacion Entropika, Colombia in 2013.


Pitheciidae Mivart, 1865

Callicebinae Pocock, 1925

Taxon Date Location Notes
Red Titi
Callicebus cupreus (Spix, 1823)
2003 Blackpool* Independent Zoo Enthusiasts Society: ZOO! No. 22 (Winter 2003) p4: A group of nine Red Titis (Callicebus cupreus) arrived at the zoo from America earlier in the year ... One pair currently residing in Blackpool's excellent Monkey House have produced a young one already.
Dusky Titi
Callicebus moloch (Hoffmannsegg, 1807)
1970 London Zoological Society of London Annual Report 1970, p41.
The National Federation of Zoological Gardens of Great Britain and Ireland (Zoo Federation News, No. 39, Spring 1984) gave a first breeding award to Kilverstone Wildlife Park for a breeding in 1983.


Pitheciinae Mivart 1865

Taxon Date Location Notes
Red-backed Bearded Saki
Chiropotes chiropotes
2012  Belfast  www.belfastzoo.co.uk  1.2 animals arrived in March 2011 and both females gave birth within a fortnight of each other: on 4 and 19 October 2012.
White-faced Saki
Pithecia pithecia (Linnaeus, 1766)
1977
1977
1977
Howletts1
London2
Paignton3
[1] International Zoo Yearbook, Vol. 19 (1979) p349.
[2] Zoological Society of London Annual Report 1977, p23.
[3] The Herbert Whitley Trust and Paignton Zoological and Botanical Gardens Annual Report and Accounts 1977-78, p26.
Banham and London 1975 dns. Baker (1988) p113 (writing about Paignton Zoo in the 1960s): pale-headed sakis ... whose offspring was something special, for it was one of only 6 recorded as being born in a British Zoo.


Atelidae Gray, 1825

Alouattinae Trouessart, 1897

Taxon Date Location Notes
Black Howler
Alouatta caraya (Humboldt, 1812)
1976 Twycross International Zoo Yearbook, Vol. 18 (1978) p371. This birth is not listed in the studbook: the earliest birth at Twycross is listed as 1978 and this is preceded by a birth at Banham in August 1976.
Bolivian Red Howler
Alouatta sara Elliot, 1910
Oct 1989 Twycross Zoo Federation News, No. 56, Spring 1990 under Breeding & Husbandry Awards for 1989: First Captive Breeding in the U. K. Progeny hand-reared to independence. One born 25.10.1989. The parents were on loan from San Diego Zoo.
The first howler monkeys to reach Europe alive were two males of the Venezuelan Red Howler A. seniculus which arrived at London in Aug 1863. The Bolivian Red Howler was formerly treated as a subspecies of A. seniculus.


Atelinae Gray, 1825

Taxon Date Location Notes
White-bellied Spider Monkey
Ateles belzebuth E. Geoffroy, 1806
1981* Kilverstone International Zoo Yearbook, Vol. 23 (1984) p314. This birth is not recorded in the studbook: the earliest birth at Kilverstone is listed as August 1986. London 1979 dns. This species is also known as the Long-haired Spider Monkey.
Peruvian Spider Monkey
Ateles chamek (Humboldt, 1812)
Apr 1979 Kilverstone Earliest birth listed in the studbook (Jan Vermeer, personal communication). 
Black-headed Spider Monkey
Ateles fusciceps Gray, 1866
1977* Kilverstone International Zoo Yearbook, Vol. 19 (1979) p350. This birth is not recorded in the studbook (in fact the earliest arrival of this species at Kilverstone is given as 1980): the earliest birth listed for the UK is at Banham in April 1981.
Brown Spider Monkey
Ateles hybridus I. Geoffroyi, 1829
Apr 1988 Kilverstone Earliest birth listed in the studbook (Jan Vermeer, personal communication). 
Geoffroy's Spider Monkey
Ateles geoffroyi Kuhl, 1820
ca.1985 Suffolk WP Colwyn Bay 1972 dns. A birth reported in the International Zoo Yearbook, Vol. 15 (1975) was, in fact, a hybrid (Jan Vermeer, personal communication). This species is also known as the Black-handed Spider Monkey.
Red-faced Spider Monkey
Ateles paniscus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Jul 1962* Paignton International Zoo Yearbook, Vol. 12 (1972) p48.
Grey Woolly Monkey
Lagothrix cana (E. Geoffroy, 1812)
Apr 1966 Looe International Zoo Yearbook, Vol. 7 (1967) p87, as L. lagotrichaProof of the success of the environment we provide for the woolly monkeys at Murrayton was the birth of a male baby at 0600 hours on 17 April 1966. As far as is known, this is the fourth recorded birth of a Humboldt's woolly monkey in captivity. This animal was named Charlie and another birth occurred at Looe in November 1966. Herbert Dornbrack also bred this species in 1966, though the exact date is unknown. This species was treated as a subspecies of L. lagotricha until 2001.
Humboldt's Woolly Monkey
Lagothrix lagotricha (Humboldt, 1812)
1973 Twycross Recent revisions to woolly monkey taxonomy have made the identification of individual animals very difficult. It is not certain that this individual was pure, but, if so, then it is likely to be the earliest birth of L. lagotricha (Jan Vermeer, personal communication).
Colombian Woolly Monkey
Lagothrix lugens Elliott, 1907
Jan 1986  Born in the private collection of Herbert Dornbrack (Jan Vermeer, personal communication). 
Silvery Woolly Monkey
Lagothrix poeppigii Schinz, 1844
Apr 1975* Banham Weigl (2005) p56: born private in England. The birth occurred in the group owned by Herbert Dornback, which at the time was housed at "Banham Zoo and Woolly Monkey Sanctuary". This individual was transferred between several collections, eventually ending up in Yokohama, Japan where it died in May 1999. This species was treated as a subspecies of L. lagotricha until 2001.


Cercopithecidae Gray, 1821

Cercopithecinae Gray, 1821

Taxon Date Location Notes
Allen's Swamp Monkey
Allenopithecus nigroviridis (Pocock, 1907)
1989E Bristol International Zoo Yearbook, Vol. 32 (1991) p440. The type specimen arrived at the London Zoological Gardens on 29 Nov 1892.
Sooty Mangabey
Cercocebus atys atys (Audebert, 1797)
Pre Nov 1860 London Flower (1929) p20 as C. fuliginosus: Young born in London Z. G.:- before 27 Nov. 1860 (P. Z. S. 1860, p.422); one 5 June, 1912 (died same day).
White-crowned Mangabey
Cercocebus atys lunulatus (Temminck, 1853)
Nov 1933* London Zoological Society of London Annual Report 1933, p?. Zuckerman (1953) also reported a hybrid between a male Sooty Mangabey and a female White-crowned Mangabey born in Jun 1932.
Golden-bellied Mangabey
Cercocebus chrysogaster Lydekker, 1900
Nov 2016EKessinglandwww.africa-alive.co.uk
Cherry-crowned Mangabey
Cercocebus torquatus (Kerr, 1792)
Apr 2004E Colchester Earliest birth listed in the studbook (Jan Vermeer, personal communication). 
Schmidt's Monkey
Cercopithecus ascanius schmidti Matschie, 1892
1983E Dudley International Zoo Yearbook, Vol. 24/25 (1986) p521.
Sykes' Monkey
Cercopithecus albogularis (Sykes, 1831)
1963E Belle Vue International Zoo Yearbook, Vol. 5 (1965) p334, as C. mitis albogularis.
Samango Monkey
Cercopithecus albogularis labiatus I. Geoffroy, 1842
? Howletts Imported from Tygerberg Zoo, South Africa.
Campbell's Monkey
Cercopithecus campbelli Waterhouse, 1838
1996E London Zoological Society of London: Supplement to the Annual Report 1996, p19.
Diana Monkey
Cercopithecus diana (Linnaeus, 1758)
1964* Paignton The Herbert Whitley Trust and Paignton Zoological and Botanical Gardens Eighth Annual Report and Accounts to 31st October, 1965, p45 (list of births for 1964).
Hamlyn's Monkey
Cercopithecus hamlyni Pocock, 1907
May 1989 Edinburgh Zoo Federation News, No. 56, Spring 1990 under Breeding & Husbandry Awards for 1989: First Captive Breeding in the U. K. Progeny reared to independence naturally. One born 23.05.1989. The parents were on loan from Antwerp and Mulhouse.
The type specimen arrived at the London Zoological Gardens on 5 Nov 1907.
L'Hoest's Monkey
Cercopithecus lhoesti P. Sclater, 1899
1994 Banham International Zoo Yearbook, Vol. 35 (1997) p432. Edinburgh 1992, 1993 and 1994 dns.
Blue Monkey
Cercopithecus mitis Wolf, 1822
1978* Paignton The Herbert Whitley Trust and Paignton Zoological and Botanical Gardens Annual Report and Accounts 1977-78, p26. This species is also known as the Diademed Monkey.
Mona Monkey
Cercopithecus mona (Screber, 1774)
1963E Paignton The Herbert Whitley Trust and Paignton Zoological and Botanical Gardens Seventh Annual Report and Accounts to 31st October, 1963, p7.
De Brazza's Monkey
Cercopithecus neglectus Schlegel, 1876
May 1957E Paignton International Zoo News, No. XX (Vol. XX/X, Jul 1957) p102.
Greater Spot-nosed Monkey
Cercopithecus nictitans (Linnaeus, 1766)
1961E Dublin International Zoo Yearbook, Vol. 3 (1962) p258.
Lesser Spot-nosed Guenon
Cercopithecus petaurista (Schreber, 1774)
1981E Windsor SP International Zoo Yearbook, Vol. 23 (1984) p316.
Crowned Guenon
Cercopithecus pogonias Bennett, 1833
1994 Twycross Twycross Zoo Annual Report 1997, p22.
Grivet
Chlorocebus aethiops (Linnaeus, 1758)
? ? Further research required.
Vervet
Chlorocebus pygerythrus (F. Cuvier, 1821)
1850E London Flower (1929) p18 as Cercopithecus pygerythrus: Five born in the Gardens 1850-1893.
Green Monkey
Chlorocebus sabaeus (Linnaeus, 1766)
Feb 1890E London Flower (1929) p17 as Cercopithecus sabaeus: Young born in the Gardens: one (dead) 31 Jan. 1835, one 22 Feb. 1890.
Patas Monkey
Erythrocebus patas (Schreber, 1775)
1962E Dudley International Zoo Yearbook, Vol. 4 (1963) p225.
Black Mangabey
Lophocebus aterrimus (Oudemans, 1890)
1984E Colchester International Zoo Yearbook, Vol. 26 (1987) p476, as Cercocebus aterrimus.
Stump-tailed Macaque
Macaca arctoides (I. Geoffroy, 1831)
1969E Belle Vue International Zoo Yearbook, Vol. 11 (1971) p265.
Assamese Macaque
Macaca assamensis (McClelland, 1840)
1969E London Zoological Society of London Annual Report 1969, p48.
Crab-eating Macaque
Macaca fascicularis (Raffles, 1821)
1834* London Flower (1929) p23 as M. irus: Six born in the Gardens 1834-1909.
Japanese Macaque
Macaca fuscata (Blyth, 1875)
Jan 1906E London Flower (1929) p25: One born in the Gardens, 10 Jan. 1906.
Heck's Macaque
Macaca hecki (Matschie, 1901)
Nov 2009 Howletts Howletts Wild Animal Park press release: Keepers at The Aspinall Foundation’s Howletts Wild Animal Park are hand-rearing the first Heck's Macaque ever to be born in Britain. Howletts also believe that this is the first birth for this species in Europe. The male infant, Nantu, is a first offspring for father Cimot and mother Ully at the Howletts park. As Nantu was born by Caesarean, Ully did not develop any of the proper maternal instincts, and keepers made the difficult decision to begin hand rearing him.
Moor Macaque
Macaca maura (H. R. Schinz, 1825)
1967E London Zoological Society of London Annual Report 1967, p39.
Rhesus Macaque
Macaca mulatta (Zimmermann, 1780)
1834* London Flower (1929) p23: At least thirteen born in the Gardens 1834-1925: some reared.
Southern Pig-tailed Macaque
Macaca nemestrina (Linnaeus, 1766)
Sep 1913E London Flower (1929) p26: Two born in the Gardens: one 22 Sept. 1913, one 13 Dec. 1914; both reared.
Sulawesi Crested Macaque
Macaca nigra (Desmarest, 1822)
1970 Jersey International Zoo News, No. 97 (Feb 1971) p31: listed amongst births between 01.09.1970 and 01.01.1971. Dudley 1964 dns.
Bonnet Macaque
Macaca radiata (E. Geoffroy, 1812)
Apr 1843E London Flower (1929) p22: Three born in the Gardens - one 27 April, 1843, one 3 April, 1885, and one in 1908.
Lion-tailed Macaque
Macaca silenus (Linnaeus, 1758)
1962E Belfast International Zoo Yearbook, Vol. 4 (1963) p223.
Toque Macaque
Macaca sinica (Linnaeus, 1771)
ca.1860E London Flower (1929) p23: One reported to have been born in the Gardens, and also one hybrid between this species and M. radiata, both in, or before, 1860.
Barbary Macaque
Macaca sylvanus (Linnaeus, 1758)
May 1914E London Flower (1929) p27: One born in the Gardens, 17 May, 1914.
Drill
Mandrillus leucophaeus (F. Cuvier, 1807)
1952E Paignton Paignton Zoo Plan and Guide (11th ed., June 1957) p44: Baby drills were born here in 1952, 1954, 1955 and 1956.
Mandrill
Mandrillus sphinx (Linnaeus, 1758)
1876
ca.1894
Dublin1
Marple2
[1] Zoological Gardens Dublin 1830-1980, 150 years: ... there were two first born in captivity events when in 1876, a mandrill was born and, in 1879, two Himalayan bear cubs.
[2] Amateur Menagerie Club Yearbook 1920-21 p21.
Northern Talapoin
Miopithecus ogouensis Kingdon, 1997
Jan 1967 Chester Chester Zoo News and Guide, February 1967: A Talapoin Monkey was born on January 27th in the Monkey House and another is due in the near future. Talapoin Monkeys have been born in this country before [e.g. Belle Vue 1964] but as far as we know have not been reared to maturity. Although described as M. talapoin, most, if not all, talapoins kept in this country would now be regarded as the M. ogouensis.
Olive Baboon
Papio anubis (Lesson, 1827)
1959E Chester International Zoo Yearbook, Vol. 1 (1960) p141.
Yellow Baboon
Papio cynocephalus (Linnaeus, 1766)
1962E
1962E
Belle Vue1
Chester2
[1] and [2] International Zoo Yearbook, Vol. 4 (1963) p224.
Hamadryas Baboon
Papio hamadryas (Linnaeus, 1758)
1914E London Flower (1929) p30: Four born in the Gardens 1914-1927.
Guinea Baboon
Papio papio (Desmarest, 1820)
Jul 1937E London Zuckerman in Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1953, p832.
Chacma Baboon
Papio ursinus (Kerr, 1792)
1959E Chessington International Zoo Yearbook, Vol. 1 (1960) p141.
Gelada
Theropithecus gelada (Rüppell, 1835)
1963* London International Zoo Yearbook, Vol. 5 (1965) p333.


Colobinae Jerdon, 1867

Taxon Date Location Notes
Eastern Black-and-white Colobus
Colobus guereza Rüppell, 1835
1969 Twycross Undated Twycross Zoo guidebook.
Western Black-and-white Colobus
Colobus polykomos (Zimmermann, 1780)
Aug 1967 Jersey Jersey Wildlife Preservation Trust Annual Report, No. 7 (1970). International Zoo Yearbook, Vol. 9 (1969) p79.
Proboscis Monkey
Nasalis larvatus (Wurmb, 1787)
Jul 1972 Twycross Twycross Zoo Official Guide (1979) p16: The first birth of a Proboscis Monkey in the United Kingdom took place at Twycross Zoo in July, 1972.
Grizzled Langur
Presbytis comata (Desmarest, 1822)
Dec 1999 Howletts Friends of Howletts and Port Lympne: Help Newsletter No. 22 (2000) p5: The major events of the year were the first births of grizzled leaf monkeys (Presbytis comata) in December 1999. Unfortunately the first infant was dead, but our disappointment was relieved by a successful birth five days later ... To the best of our knowledge, these are the first recorded births of this endangered primate species in captivity anywhere in the world.
Banded Langur
Presbytis melalophos (Raffles, 1821)
Aug 1991 Howletts Friends of Howletts and Port Lympne: Help Newsletter No. 13 (1991) p14: The highlight of the year was the birth on 12th August 1991 of a male banded langur (Presbytis melalophos); as far as we know, this is the first captive breeding of this species anywhere in the world.
Red-shanked Douc Langur
Pygathrix nemaeus (Linnaeus, 1771)
Mar 1988 Howletts Friends of Howletts and Port Lympne: Help Newsletter No. 10 (1988) p31: ... the infant, Britain's first of this species, was born on 9th March 1988.
Tufted Gray Langur
Semnopithecus priam Blyth, 1844
1983* Twycross Hanuman Langur European Regional Studbook 2001. Several species of Hanuman Langur are now recognised and all animals kept in this country in recent years belong to the smaller southern form; previously known as S. entellus thersites, now S. priam.
Javan Brown Langur
Trachypithecus auratus (E. Geoffroy, 1812)
Mar 1984 Howletts Friends of Howletts and Port Lympne: Help Newsletter No. 8 (1986) p38.
Silvered Langur
Trachypithecus cristatus (Raffles, 1821)
1975 Banham International Zoo Yearbook, Vol. 17 (1977) p306. Banham Zoo and Monkey Sanctuary Souvenir Guide (undated: ca.1984) p16: The Silver Langurs bred here at Banham, were the first recorded in Great Britain.
François' Langur
Trachypithecus francoisi (Pousargues, 1898)
1999 Belfast Belfast Zoo: Zoo Crack No. 46 (Summer/Autumn 1999): Perhaps the most important breeding of the year has been that of two Francois' langurs ... These births represent only the second and third successful breeding of this species in Europe [the first was at Rotterdam in 1997].
Spectacled Langur
Trachypithecus obscurus (Reid, 1837)
Jul 1965 Twycross Twycross Zoo Official Guide (1979) p15: The first birth in the United Kingdom took place in July, 1965 at Twycross Zoo. These first births were later regarded as hybrids between T. phayrei and T. obscurus - see International Zoo Yearbook, Vol. 8 (1968) p295.
Capped Langur
Trachypithecus pileatus (Blyth, 1843)
Sep 1913 London Edwards (1996) p33 (the dam also gave birth to a hybrid offspring in Apr 1912 - see Hybrids).
Purple-faced Langur
Trachypithecus vetulus (Erxleben, 1777)
1999 Belfast Belfast Zoo: Zoo Crack No. 47 (Winter 1999): The birth of a purple-faced langur ... is perhaps the most notable birth of the period. This is the first breeding of this species in the British Isles, and the first in Europe for 15 years.


Hylobatidae Gray, 1871

Taxon Date Location Notes
Agile Gibbon
Hylobates agilis F. Cuvier, 1821
1973 Twycross International Zoo Yearbook, Vol. 15 (1975) p365. Twycross 1972 dns.
Lar Gibbon
Hylobates lar (Linnaeus, 1771)
1950 London Zoological Society of London: Zoo Life, Vol. 5, No. 2 (Summer 1950), p46: In the big open-air cage opposite the Camel House the Concolor Gibbons have had another baby, which seems to be doing well. The photo accompanying this article clearly shows a pair of Lar Gibbons with a baby!
Moloch Gibbon
Hylobates moloch (Audebert, 1798)
Mar 1988E Howletts Friends of Howletts and Port Lympne: Help newsletter No. 10 (1988) p31. Howletts 1986 and 1987 dns.
Müller's Gibbon
Hylobates muelleri Martin, 1841
Feb 1972 Whipsnade Zoological Society of London Annual Report 1972, p17: The birth of the Grey Gibbon (Hylobates moloch) believed the first in Britain ... Whipsnade 1971 dns.
H. moloch and H. muelleri were treated as synonymous at the time, but these animals were later transferred to Edinburgh and listed as H. muelleri.
Pileated Gibbon
Hylobates pileatus (Gray, 1861)
Nov 1965 Twycross International Zoo Yearbook, Vol. 7 (1967) p92.
Buff-cheeked Gibbon
Nomascus gabriellae Thomas, 1909
2005E Edinburgh Edinburgh Zoo Animal Inventory 2005, as Hylobates gabriellae.
Northern White-cheeked Gibbon
Nomascus leucogenys Ogilby, 1840
Feb 1944 London Zoological Society of London: Zoo Life, Vol. 4. No. 2 (Summer 1949), p41: This race ... is at present represented by a black male, buff female and their baby which was smoky-grey in colour for its first eighteen months but is now completely black like its father.
J. S. Lewis at Leckford, Hampshire ca.1940 dns. John Spedan Lewis was the founder of the John Lewis Partnership and kept gibbons on an island in the River Test.
The National Federation of Zoological Gardens of Great Britain and Ireland (Zoo Federation News, No. 39, Spring 1984) gave a first breeding award to the Twycross Zoo for a breeding of Hylobates concolor concolor following the birth of a male on 12.02.1983.
Siamang
Symphalangus syndactylus (Raffles, 1821)
1975 Twycross International Zoo Yearbook, Vol. 17 (1977) p307. The first Siamang to reach Europe alive was a male which arrived at London in Oct 1898. The second collection to breed this species was Longleat in 1976.


Hominidae Gray, 1825

Taxon Date Location Notes
Western Gorilla
Gorilla gorilla (Savage, 1847)
Apr 1971 Bristol Williamson and Schomberg (1976) p40: The Zoo's Gorillas made history in 1971 when the first gorilla to be born in a British Zoo was delivered. This animal was named Daniel and lived at Bristol until his death in 1994. Bristol's second female, Caroline, gave birth in March 1971 but the baby, a male, died after seven days. The second collection to breed gorillas was Jersey, with two successful births in 1973.
Bonobo
Pan paniscus Schwartz, 1929
Jan 1994 Twycross Twycross Zoo guidebook (undated: ca.2002) p1: 1994 - First Bonobo born in Britain. This animal was named Ke-Ke.
Chimpanzee
Pan troglodytes (Blumenbach, 1775)
Apr 1934 Bristol Williamson and Schomberg (1976) p40: In 1934 the Zoo bred and reared the first Chimpanzee to be bred in Europe. This animal was named Adam. Further births were recorded at London in 1935 (Jubilee) and Edinburgh in 1936 (Andrew).
Sumatran Orang-utan
Pongo abelii Lesson, 1827
Apr 1971 Bristol Tim Kniveton (personal communication). This animal was named Oscar. Edinburgh 1942, 1944 and 1952 dns.
Bornean Orang-utan
Pongo pygmaeus (Linnaeus, 1760)
Mar 1961 London Williamson and Schomberg (1976) p118: The first Orang utan to be reared in captivity [in this country] was born here in 1961. Zoological Society of London Annual Report 1982: 'Bulu', the first Orang-utan to be born and reared in Britain, was 21 years old on 12 March. Bristol 1897 dns (probably conceived in the wild).

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