Carnivora

Felidae Fischer, 1817

Felinae Fischer, 1817

Taxon Date Location Notes
Cheetah
Acinonyx jubatus (Schreber, 1775)
1967 Whipsnade Zoological Society of London Annual Report 1967, p16: This is the first time in this country that Cheetahs have been successfully bred.
North African Cheetah
Acinonyx jubatus soemmeringii (Fitzinger, 1855)
Jul 2010 Whipsnade Reference needed.
Caracal
Caracal caracal (Schreber, 1775)
1908 London Berridge and Westell (1911) p210. This was the first captive breeding of this species in the world. Flower (1929) p83 as Felis caracal: Seven born in the Gardens 1908-1912. Weigl (2005, p78) recorded the birth of a Southwest African Caracal (C. c. damarensis) at Ilfracombe Zoo in March 1973. Bristol 1897 dns (probably conceived in the wild).
Jungle Cat
Felis chaus Schreber, 1777
1960E London International Zoo Yearbook, Vol. 2 (1961) p260.
Pallas' Cat
Felis manul Pallas, 1776
? ? Further research required.
Sand Cat
Felis margarita Loche, 1858
1995 London Zoological Society of London: Supplement to the Annual Report 1995, p13. All animals kept in this country in recent years belong to the Arabian subspecies
F. m. harrisoni.
Black-footed Cat
Felis nigripes Burchell, 1824
May 1989 Banham Zoo Federation News, No. 56, Spring 1990 under Breeding & Husbandry Awards for 1989: First Captive Breeding in the U. K. Progeny reared to independence naturally. Two were born 06.05.1989.
Wildcat
Felis silvestris Schreber, 1777
May 1878E London Sclater (1883) p52, as Felis catus: Born in the Menagerie, May 25, 1878.
Indian Desert Cat
Felis silvestris ornata Gray, 1832
May 1983E Port Lympne Friends of Howletts and Port Lympne: Help Newsletter No. 6 (1984) p27: 2.2 kittens were born to this pair in May 1983.
Pampas Cat
Leopardus colocolo (Molina, 1782)
1930 London Zoological Society of London Annual Report 1930, p?. Three were born and two were reared.
L. colocolo has recently been split and it is possible that these animals belonged to L. braccatus or L. pajeros.
Geoffroy's Cat
Leopardus geoffroyi (d'Orbigny and Gervais, 1844)
1978
May 1982
Welwyn1 
Glasgow2
[1] The Cat Survival Trust (Terry Moore, pers. comm.).
[2] Zoo Federation News, No. 36, Spring 1983 under Breeding & Husbandry Awards for 1982: First Captive Breeding in the U. K. Progeny reared to independence by parents. A female kitten was born 05.05.1982.
Ocelot
Leopardus pardalis (Linnaeus, 1758)
Dec 1857*† London Flower (1929) p88 as Felis pardalis: Two born in the Gardens 11 Dec. 1857, and one 29 April, 1858.
Margay
Leopardus wiedii (Schinz, 1821)
1976 London Zoological Society of London Annual Report 1976, p12: Margays and Malayan Giant Squirrels were bred, this being the first time these species have been bred in the United Kingdom.
Serval
Leptailurus serval (Schreber, 1776)
1966E Jersey International Zoo Yearbook, Vol. 8 (1968) p.302. London 1952 dns. This species was kept, and possily bred, at Knowsley in the first half of the 19th Century - see Appendix 1.
Canadian Lynx
Lynx canadensis Kerr, 1792
May 2015Hamerton 
Eurasian Lynx
Lynx lynx (Linnaeus, 1758)
May 1937E
May 1967
London1
Norfolk WP2
[1] Zuckerman in Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1953, p839.
[2] Ornamental Pheasant Trust and Norfolk Wildlife Park Annual Report 1967, p31: The most exciting event of the year was the breeding of a European Lynx cub. It is believed to be the first born and successfully reared in Britain or more than thirty years. The parents were purchased from a dealer in January 1966 and were believed to originate from Czechoslovakia.
Bobcat
Lynx rufus (Schreber, 1777)
 1978Welwyn The Cat Survival Trust (Terry Moore, pers. comm.). The founding pair was imported from Ontario, Canada and 34 kittens were born in the late 1970s and early 1980s.
Leopard Cat
Prionailurus bengalensis (Kerr, 1792)
1970E London Zoological Society of London Annual Report 1970, p42 as Felis bengalensis.
Amur Leopard Cat
Prionailurus bengalensis euptilurus (Elliot, 1871)
? ? Further research required.
Rusty-spotted Cat
Prionailurus rubiginosus phillipsi Pocock, 1939
Oct 1986 Port Lympne Friends of Howletts and Port Lympne: Help Newsletter No. 9 (1987) p15: In October a single kitten was born in the hollow log situated on the shelf in the house. This kitten was well cared for from the start and has developed into a fine specimen. A litter born at Howletts (during quarantine) and the first litter born at Port Lympne did not survive.
Fishing Cat
Prionailurus viverrinus (Bennett, 1833)
Mar 1986 Port Lympne Friends of Howletts and Port Lympne: Help Newsletter No. 8 (1986) p10: In the collection at Port Lympne we have, at the moment, seven fishing cats, 2.3 obtained from other collections over the past three years and 0.2 born here in March 1986. Colchester claimed a first breeding for this species in 1990.
Puma
Puma concolor (Linnaeus, 1771)
1831E London Flower (1929) p84 as Felis concolor: Thirty born in the Gardens 1831-1925. Belle Vue claimed a first breeding for this species in 1866.
Jaguarundi
Puma yagouaroundi (E. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1803)
Aug 1973 Chester International Zoo Yearbook, Vol. 15 (1975) p377, as Felis yagouaroundi. International Zoo Yearbook, Vol. 16 (1976) p120. Chester Zoo Souvenir Guide (1990) p39: Chester has had many breeding successes including first UK breedings of ... jaguarundi ...
Zoo Federation News, No. 39, Spring 1984 under Breeding & Husbandry Awards for 1983: First Captive Breeding in the U. K. Progeny reared to independence naturally. Born 20.10.1981.

Pantherinae Pocock, 1917

Taxon Date Location Notes
Clouded Leopard
Neofelis nebulosa (Griffith, 1821)
Apr 1970 Howletts Irven, P. in The Bartlett Society: Journal 16 (2005) p41: Howletts ... went on to become the first UK zoo to successfully breed Clouded Leopards in April 1970. Three cubs were born to parents from Frankfurt Zoo: two were successfully hand-reared. Dublin followed this success in June 1970 and both collections went on to breed the species regularly during the 1970s.
Lion
Panthera leo (Linnaeus, 1758)
ca.1725E Tower Menagerie Hahn (2003) p101: On 5 August 1604, for instance, it was reported proudly that the lioness called Elizabeth 'whelp'd in the Tow'r'; this event was repeated twice the following year (always the same lioness); and though few of these cubs survived infancy, the births were cause for great celebration at court. p174: Though lions had been bred under James I, none had survived any length of time ... By the 1750s, knowledge about how to keep the animals had advanced to the extent that cubs were now surviving into adulthood.
White Lion
Panthera leo (Linnaeus, 1758)
Aug 2006 West Midland SP www.wmsp.co.uk
Barbary Lion
Panthera leo leo (Linnaeus, 1758)
Aug 1980 Howletts Friends of Howletts and Port Lympne: Help Newsletter No. 4 (Spring 1982) p37: On 3 October 1980 the adult Atlas lions, male Amaziga and female Jebel, were moved from Howletts with 1.2 cubs born on 23 August. The animals were serving quarantine at Howletts before transferring to their permanent enclosure at Port Lympne.
Asian Lion
Panthera leo persica (Meyer, 1826)
Oct 1828E Tower Menagerie Keeling (1984) p8: The female ... had given birth to three cubs, two males and a female, on 20th October 1828.
Jaguar
Panthera onca (Linnaeus, 1758)
ca.1850sE Belle Vue The Bartlett Society Newsletter, March 1998.
Leopard
Panthera pardus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Pre 1818
Dec 1820E
Pre 1831
>?1
Exeter Change2
Tower Menagerie3
[1] Keeling (1985) p40 (writing about Wombwell's Menagerie): ... the Menagerie, which as long ago as 1818 had shown such exhibits as its own home-bred leopards ... Location unknown.
[2] The Times, 28 Dec 1820. Claimed to be the first breeding in Europe.
[3] Hahn (2003) p222: a reproduction of an advert for "The King's Royal Menagerie" including
Beautiful African Leopard & her Cubs.
Black Leopard
Panthera pardus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Apr 1882E Bristol The Gardens and Menagerie of the Bristol, Clifton and West of England Society (1882): The female has (April 1882) given birth to two cubs, a circumstance probably unknown before in this country. These cubs may not have survived as the zoo reported a later birth as the first at the zoo to survive beyond 13 days.
Amur Leopard
Panthera pardus orientalis (Schlegel, 1857)
Nov 1990 Cricket St. Thomas Zoo Federation News, No. 59, Spring 1991 under Breeding & Husbandry Awards for 1990: First Captive Breeding in the U. K. Progeny reared to independence naturally. 1.1 were born 11.11.1990.
Chester bred "Amur" leopards in 1968 but these animals were later re-identified as North China Leopards (P. p. japonensis).
Persian Leopard
Panthera pardus nimr (Hemprich and Ehrenberg, 1833)
1979* Bristol Zoo Federation News, No. 71, Spring/Summer 1995 under Award for Significant Advances in Sustained Breeding: successfully bred since 1979 with 9.12.2 births recorded.
The Persian Leopard has traditionally been treated as a separate subspecies; P. p. saxicolor. However, recent research has suggested that this taxon is synonymous with the Arabian Leopard P. p. nimr.
North China Leopard
Panthera pardus japonensis (J. E. Gray, 1862)
1962E London Animals magazine, March 1963.
Sri Lankan Leopard
Panthera pardus kotiya Deraniyagala, 1956
Jun 2006 Banham Independent Zoo Enthusiasts Society: Zoo Grapevine, Autumn 2006: A first UK breeding of the Sri Lankan Leopard was achieved in June 2005 after a gestation period of 96 days.
Tiger
Panthera tigris (Linnaeus, 1758)
ca.1741E Tower Menagerie Hahn (2003) p176 (quoting "Curiosities in the Tower of London", published in 1741): In another area (for which a further admission fee is required) is ... tiger cub Dick (son to Will II and Phillis II) ...
White Tiger
Panthera tigris (Linnaeus, 1758)
1968 Bristol Animals magazine, Aug 1968.
Siberian Tiger
Panthera tigris altaica Temminck, 1844
1960E Glasgow International Zoo Yearbook, Vol. 2 (1961) p261. Marwell and Howletts both claimed a first breeding for this subspecies in 1973.
Sumatran Tiger
Panthera tigris sumatrae Pocock, 1929
Jan 1989 Bristol International Tiger Studbook 2000, p417. Thrigby Hall also bred this subspecies in 1989.
Snow Leopard
Uncia uncia (Schreber, 1775)
1960 Whipsnade Huxley (1981) p60: 1960 was a bumper year with three British 'firsts': white-tailed deer [incorrect], moose and ... snow leopard. Whipsnade 1959 dns.

Viverridae Gray, 1821

Paradoxurinae Gray, 1865

Taxon Date Location Notes
Binturong
Arctictis binturong (Raffles, 1821)
Mar 1934 London Zuckerman in Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1953, p841. These animals were photographed for a 1938 series of Players cigarette cards entitled "Animal Babies". Linton (who have bred Binturong on several occasions) state that the first birth in this country was at Glasgow in 1972.
Small-toothed Palm Civet
Arctogalidia trivirgata (Gray, 1832)
May 1964E
1967
?1
London2
[1] Weigl (2005) p114. Born in a private collection (possibly not in the UK) and sent to London in August 1965.
[2] Zoological Society of London Annual Report 1967, p40 as Arctogalidia trivirgata stigmatica.
Masked Palm Civet
Paguma larvata (C. E. H. Smith, 1827)
Apr 1869E London Flower (1929) p98 as Paradoxurus larvatus: Twelve born in the Gardens 1869-1912, and three hybrids between this species and P. leucomystax 1881-1882" (leucomystax is now considered a subspecies of P. larvata).
Common Palm Civet
Paradoxurus hermaphroditus (Pallas, 1777)
Oct 1882E London Flower (1929) p96: One Palm-Civet, Paradoxurus niger, born in the Gardens 19 Oct. 1882. Flower explains that P. niger is synonymous with P. hermaphroditus.

Hemigalinae Gray, 1865

Taxon Date Location Notes
Owston's Palm Civet
Chrotogale owstoni Thomas, 1912
2005 Broxbourne Newquay Zoo and Paradise Wildlife Park, Broxbourne (personal communication).

Viverrinae Gray, 1821

Taxon Date Location Notes
African Civet
Civettictis civetta (Schreber, 1776)
Jul 1862E
Aug 1964
London1
Jersey2
[1] Flower (1929) p92: One born in the Gardens in July, 1862.
[2] International Zoo Yearbook, Vol. 9 (1969) p92: Between July 1963 and May 1967 nine litters of African Civets Viverra civetta were born at Jersey Zoo. The first litter were killed and eaten by the mother, but three females from the second litter were reared.
Small-spotted Genet
Genetta genetta (Linnaeus, 1758)
Mar 1858E London Flower (1929) p94: Three hybrids between this and other species of Genet are recorded as having been born in the Gardens: with pallida 9 March, 1858, with tigrina 5 Oct. 1859, and with pardina 18 June, 1885. There appears to be no formal description of G. pallida.
Pardine Genet
Genetta pardina I. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1832
Nov 2013 Unknown Bred and reared by a private keeper in north-east England. www.reptileforums.co.uk
Blotched Genet
Genetta tigrina (Schreber, 1776)
Jul 1874E London Flower (1929) p96: Four born in the Gardens 1874-1875.
Malayan Civet
Viverra tangalunga Gray, 1832
2003E Preston Jim Collins (personal communication).

Eupleridae Chenu, 1850

Euplerinae Chenu, 1850

Taxon Date Location Notes
Fossa
Cryptoprocta ferox Bennett, 1833
1997 Suffolk WP Suffolk Wildlife Park: The African Adventure, Park Guide and Map (undated: ca.2000) p16: Cubs were born at Suffolk Wildlife Park in 1997, 1998 and 1999.
Fanaloka
Fossa fossana (Müller, 1776)
Jul 2014 Sandwich RSCC Zoo Grapevine, Autumn 2014.

Galidiinae Gray, 1865

Taxon Date Location Notes
Narrow-striped Mongoose
Mungotictis decemlineata (Grandidier, 1867)
Jun 2005 Jersey www.durrellwildlife.org

Nandiniidae Pocock, 1929

Taxon Date Location Notes
African Palm Civet
Nandinia binotata (Gray, 1830)
Jul 1882E London Flower (1929) p100: One born in the Gardens 19 July, 1882.

Herpestidae Bonaparte, 1845

Taxon Date Location Notes
Marsh Mongoose
Atilax paludinosus (G. Cuvier, 1829)
Jun 1872E London Flower (1929) p106: Two born in the Gardens 13 June, 1872.
Common Kusimanse
Crossarchus obscurus F. G. Cuvier, 1825
2005E Marwell Marwell Preservation Trust Annual Review 2005, p37.
Yellow Mongoose
Cynictis penicillata (G. Cuvier, 1829)
1883E London Flower (1929) p108: Four born in the Gardens 1883-1917.
Common Dwarf Mongoose
Helogale parvula (Sundevall, 1847)
1986 Chester North of England Zoological Society Annual Report 1986, p30, as Helogale undulata [now treated as a subspecies of
H. parvula].
Zoo Federation News, No. 48, Spring 1987 under Breeding & Husbandry Awards for 1986: First Captive Breeding in the U. K. Progeny reared to independence naturally.
Indian Grey Mongoose
Herpestes edwardsi (E. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1818)
1881* Bristol The Gardens and Menagerie of the Bristol, Clifton and West of England Society (1882): The society possesses some ichneumons which have been bred in the Gardens (see Reptile House) ... Grey Ichneumons, Herpestes griseus. – Bred in the Gardens.
H. griseus is a synonym of H. edwardsi.
Small Asian Mongoose
Herpestes javanicus (E. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1818)
1925* London Flower (1929) p103 as H. auropunctatus: Five born in the Gardens 1925, 1926: all reared.
White-tailed Mongoose
Ichneumia albicauda (G. Cuvier, 1829)
1954E London Zoological Society of London Report of the Council and Auditors for 1954, p21.
Banded Mongoose
Mungos mungo (Gmelin, 1788)
1881E London Sclater (1883) p64 as Herpestes fasciatus: Born in the Gardens, April 12, 1881. Flower (1929) listed no births of this species.
Meerkat
Suricata suricatta (Schreber, 1776)
Feb 1888E London Flower (1929) p109: Eight born in the Gardens :- two 21 Feb. 1888; two 16 May, 1888; and four 19 Oct. 1924: three, of the four, reared.

Hyaenidae Gray, 1821

Taxon Date Location Notes
Spotted Hyaena
Crocuta crocuta (Erxleben, 1777)
Jul 1868*† London Flower (1929) p111: Fourteen born in the Gardens 1868-1886. In 1869 a litter of Spotted Hyaenas was born and successfully reared in a travelling menagerie; this was remarkable as the breeding pair shared a beast wagon with "a brown Russian bear, a Canadian bear and two Russian wolves" (Bostock, 1927).
Brown Hyaena
Hyaena brunnea Thunberg, 1820
Jun 2009 Port Lympne Port Lympne Wild Animal Park (personal communication). See notes under Striped Hyaena.
Striped Hyaena
Hyaena hyaena (Linnaeus, 1758)
1840E
1841
Pre 1842
London1
Liverpool2
Hull3
[1] Flower (1929) p110: About fourteen born in the Gardens 1840-1919: at least six of these did not survive their birth.
[2] Keeling (1984) p30 (notes from the 1841 guidebook): ... the Striped Hyenas had bred ... and were on exhibition with their Bulldog foster mother. There is some doubt over the identity of these animals as two skins identified as Hyaena villosa (a synonym of Hyaena brunnea) were purchased by the Natural History Museum, London in 1842 with the note "Bred in the Liverpool Zoological Gardens". One of these specimens remains in the collection but was later reclassified as Hyaena hyaena.
[3] Keeling (1999) p81 (notes from the 1842 guidebook): ... the Lions and Striped Hyenas had bred, which was good going on the part of the latter.
Aardwolf
Proteles cristata (Sparrman, 1783)
1999 Hamerton Independent Zoo Enthusiasts Society: Zoos Today, No. 1 (Autumn/Winter 2001) p34: ... this was the first British zoo to breed the Aardwolf in 1998 and although the pup did not survive, a pair of males were born the following year and are the only ones on display in the country.

Canidae Fischer, 1817

Taxon Date Location Notes
Side-striped Jackal
Canis adustus Sundevall, 1847
Apr 1889E London Flower (1929) p116: Two born in the Gardens 2 April, 1889.
Golden Jackal
Canis aureus Linnaeus, 1758
1850E London Flower (1929) p115: At least thirty-eight Jackals have been born in the Gardens 1850-1909; these include individuals of C. anthus
and of C. lupaster. The latter taxa are now considered to be subspecies of C. aureus.
Coyote
Canis latrans Say, 1823
1909E London Flower (1929) p115: Thirty-eight born in the Gardens 1909-1927: many of these successfully reared.
Wolf
Canis lupus Linnaeus, 1758
1731E Goodwood Keeling (1985) p63 (quoting a letter dated 04.04.1731): The wolf have had four young ones some time last friday but two is dead.
Spanish Wolf
Canis lupus lupus Linnaeus, 1758
1983 Norfolk WP Zoo Federation News, No. 39, Spring 1984 as C. l. signatus under Breeding & Husbandry Awards for 1983: First Captive Breeding in the U. K. Progeny reared to independence naturally. The Spanish Wolf was formerly treated as a separate subspecies.
Dingo
Canis lupus dingo Meyer, 1793
Apr 1865E London Sclater (1883) p75, as C. dingo: Born in the Menagerie, April 7, 1865.
New Guinea Singing Dog
Canis lupus dingo Meyer, 1793
Oct 1967 Jersey Jersey Wildlife Preservation Trust: Fourth Annual Report, 1967, p.16. Two pups (a male and a female) were raised. London 1967 dns.
Black-backed Jackal
Canis mesomelas Schreber, 1775
1886E London Flower (1929) p116: Eleven born in the Gardens 1886-1915.
Crab-eating Fox
Cerdocyon thous (Linnaeus, 1766)
1967 dns London Zoological Society of London Annual Report 1967, p40. Further births were recorded in 1968 and 1969 but none of the young survived.
Maned Wolf
Chrysocyon brachyurus (Illiger, 1815)
Jan 1983 Marwell Adams (ca.1993) p40: ... Marwell succeeded in breeding these remarkable animals for the first time in the UK in 1983.
Zoo Federation News, No. 39, Spring 1984 under Breeding & Husbandry Awards for 1983: First Captive Breeding in the U. K. Progeny reared to independence naturally. 1.1. were born 24.01.1983.
Kilverstone June 1983 dns.
Dhole
Cuon alpinus (Pallas, 1811)
1833? London Crandall (1964) p286: Zuckerman (1953) records four births of the Indian dhole (C. [a.] dukhunensis) in the Zoological Gardens of London between 1833 and 1927. However, Sclater (1883) listed no Dhole births and Flower (1929) listed no births prior to 1925.
Pampas Fox
Lycalopex gymnocercus (Fischer, 1814)
May 1858E London Flower (1929) p122 as Pseudalopex gymnocercus: Five born in the Gardens - four 17 May, 1858, and one June, 1860. This species is also known as Azara's Fox.
African Wild Dog
Lycaon pictus (Temminck, 1820)
1897 Dublin Peel (1903) p228. This was the first captive birth in Europe. Dublin 1896 dns.
Raccoon Dog
Nyctereutes procyonoides (Gray, 1834)
May 1877* London Flower (1929) p125: Seven born in the Gardens 2 May, 1877.
Bat-eared Fox
Otocyon megalotis (Desmarest, 1822)
1995E Banham The Federation of Zoological Gardens of Great Britain and Ireland Mammal Inventory 1995, p30.
Chester 1995 dns.
Bush Dog
Speothos venaticus (Lund, 1842)
Mar 1986 Kilverstone Zoo Federation News, No. 48, Spring 1987 under Breeding & Husbandry Awards for 1986: First Captive Breeding in the U. K. Progeny reared to independence naturally. Born 16.03.1986.
Grey Fox
Urocyon cinereoargenteus (Schreber, 1775)
1978* Harpenden International Zoo Yearbook, Vol. 19 (1979) p362.
Corsac Fox
Vulpes corsac (Linnaeus, 1768)
Apr 2002E Hamerton Further research required.
Arctic Fox
Vulpes lagopus (Linnaeus, 1758)
1965E
1965E
May 1965E
London1
Belle Vue2
Norfolk WP3
[1] Zoological Society of London Annual Report 1965, p42 as Alopex lagopus.
[2] International Zoo Yearbook, Vol. 7 (1967) p310, as Alopex lagopus.
[3] Ornamental Pheasant Trust and Norfolk Wildlife Park Annual Report 1965, p28: Seven Arctic Foxes were born on 30th May.
Red Fox
Vulpes vulpes (Linnaeus, 1758)
1877E London Flower (1929) p117: "Fourteen born in the Gardens 1877-1909."
Silver Fox
Vulpes vulpes fulvus (Desmarest, 1820)
1857E London Flower (1929) p117 as Vulpes fulva: Seven 'Silver Foxes' are recorded as having been born in the Gardens 1857-1862, and also five hybrids between this species and the European Fox, two in 1832, three in 1870. The farming of foxes for the fur industry started in the British Isles in 1920 and by 1932 there were 115 breeders across the country.
Fennec Fox
Vulpes zerda (Zimmermann, 1780)
Oct 1970E London Zoological Society of London Annual Report 1970, p14: The most interesting births of the year were ... three Fennec Foxes, one of which died after six weeks.

Ursidae Fischer, 1817

Taxon Date Location Notes
Sloth Bear
Melursus ursinus (Shaw, 1791)
Jan 1998* London Zoological Society of London Annual Report 1998: Part 2, p17: At London, the most significant births were two sloth bear cubs, born in January. One did not survive, but the other, a male, could be seen by visitors just before Easter. The cub was named 'Colombo'.
Spectacled Bear
Tremarctos ornatus (F. G. Cuvier, 1825)
Jan 1975 Jersey International Zoo Yearbook, Vol. 17 (1977) p158. Whipsnade Dec 1971, Jan 1972 and Jersey 1974 dns.
American Black Bear
Ursus americanus Pallas, 1780
pre 1886* Bristol Keeling (1998) p49: In 1886 the pit was home to two adult American Black Bears "cubbed in the Gardens" - which would be considered a major achievement today. Warin and Warin (1985) p51: Black bear cubs were reared and followed their parents as exhibits in the bear pit. London 1839 dns.
Brown Bear
Ursus arctos Linnaeus, 1758
? ? Regularly bred, but rarely reared until Whipsnade built its bear enclosure in 1931 (e.g. London 1851 dns). Further research required. Bristol Zoo published a postcard depicting a "Russian Bear" which was born 07.01.1913 and successfully reared.
Kodiak Bear
Ursus arctos middendorffi Merriam, 1896
Jan 1954 Whipsnade Zoological Society of London: Zoo Life, Vol. 9, No. 1 (Spring 1954) p39: This year two cubs were born on January 29 and are apparently flourishing. The adults arrived in June 1946 and bred annually from 1947 but none were reared until 1954.
Polar Bear
Ursus maritimus Phipps, 1774
Nov 1949 London Williamson and Schomberg (1976) p127. The female cub was born to Mischa and Ivy and was named Brumas. She lived at London until her death in 1958. London 1861 (and many other cubs) dns. The second collection to breed this species was Bristol in 1958 (Sebastian).
Asian Black Bear
Ursus thibetanus G. Cuvier, 1823
1879 Dublin Zoological Gardens Dublin 1830-1980, 150 years: ... there were two first born in captivity events when in 1876, a mandrill was born and , in 1879, two Himalayan bear cubs.

Otariidae Gray, 1825

Taxon Date Location Notes
South American Fur Seal
Arctocephalus australis (Zimmermann, 1783)
1990 Bristol International Zoo Yearbook, Vol. 31 (1992) p359.
South African Fur Seal
Arctocephalus pusillus pusillus (Schreber, 1775)
? Paignton? Kept (and bred?) at Paignton ca.1951. Further research required.
Patagonian Sealion
Otaria flavescens (Shaw, 1800)
1992 Curraghs WP International Zoo News, No. 241 (Vol. 39/8, Dec 1992) p29: ... everything has gone well with the pup which was born on 8th July 1992 ... Between 1977 and 1989 the Curraghs group produced seven calves, none of which survived (five were killed by the bull, one was stillborn and one was hand-reared to 26 days). Dudley 1983 dns.
Californian Sealion
Zalophus californianus (Lesson, 1828)
May 1877 Brighton Aquarium Guidebook to the Brighton Aquarium (6th edition, undated: ca.1881) p16: On Monday, the 14th of May, 1877, nineteen months after the arrival of the pair in England, the female gave birth to a male cub, an event which, it is believed, has never previously occurred in captivity.

Phocidae Gray, 1821

Taxon Date Location Notes
Grey Seal
Halichoerus grypus (Fabricius, 1791)
Oct 1963 London Crandall (1964) p735 (Addenda): Gray seals (Halichoerus grypus) were born at the Zoological Gardens of London on October 31st and November 14, 1963.
Southern Elephant Seal
Mirounga leonina (Linnaeus, 1758)
1973 dns Dudley International Zoo Yearbook, Vol. 15 (1975) p379. The female would almost certainly have arrived pregnant from the wild.
Common Seal
Phoca vitulina Linnaeus, 1758
1978 Norfolk WP Tofts, R. in Independent Zoo Enthusiasts Society: ZOO! No. 23 (Spring 2004) p26.: ... the old seal pool where the first Common Seal pup to be born and raised in captivity in Britain was bred in 1978 ...  
London 1868 dns.

Mustelidae Fischer, 1817

Lutrinae Bonaparte, 1838

Taxon Date Location Notes
Oriental Short-clawed Otter
Aonyx cinerea (Illiger, 1815)
Jul 1967 AberdeenInternational Zoo Yearbook, Vol. 10 (1970) p79-81: "Observations on the Oriental Short-clawed Otter Aonyx cinerea at Aberdeen Zoo".
North American River Otter
Lontra canadensis (Schreber, 1777)
Mar 1965 Norfolk WP Ornamental Pheasant Trust and Norfolk Wildlife Park 1965, p27: This appears to be the first time that any otters have been bred successfully in Britain for 84 years, the previous record being that of Cocks who bred and reared to European Otters Lutra lutra (L.) in 1991.
Eurasian Otter
Lutra lutra (Linnaeus, 1758)
Aug 1846 London Flower (1929) p128: Four born in the Gardens: two on 13 Aug. 1846, both of which lived for over six years, and two 11 Aug. 1856. Zuckerman (in Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1953) stated 1836 which is incorrect. The subspecies L. l. barang from South-east Asia was bred at the Norfolk Wildlife Park in July 1970.
Smooth-coated Otter
Lutrogale perspicillata (I. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1826)
1971 Twycross International Zoo Yearbook, Vol. 13 (1973) p146: To the best of our knowledge it is the first time that an Indian smooth otter has been born in a zoo outside the Far East.
Giant Otter
Pteronura brasiliensis (Gmelin, 1788)
Jun 2010 Chapel-en-le-Frith The Chestnut Centre (personal communication). Three cubs were born 23.06.2010.

Mustelinae Fischer, 1817

Taxon Date Location Notes
Hog Badger
Arctonyx collaris F. G. Cuvier, 1825
1967* London Zoological Society of London Annual Report 1967, p40. London 1966 dns.
Tayra
Eira barbara (Linnaeus, 1758)
Sep 1878*†
Apr 2012
London1
Hamerton2
[1] Flower (1929) p136: Two born in the Gardens 5 Sept. 1878. [2] www.hamertonzoopark.com: ... work has been delayed due to the birth of a baby Tayra. The young male is doing well, has been reared by his first-time parents, and is thought to be the first breeding in the UK.
Greater Grison
Galictis vittata (Schreber, 1776)
Jul 1963* Chester Chester Zoo News, September 1963, p5: ... the Small Mammal House has two baby Agoutis and an unknown number of baby Grison. It is difficult to breed Grison successfully in captivity ... the baby Grison have been born for some time, but were not sighted until the beginning of August.
Wolverine
Gulo gulo (Linnaeus, 1758)
Feb 2012 Cotswold WP www.cotswoldwildlifepark.co.uk
Zorilla
Ictonyx striatus (Perry, 1810)
1968E Paignton The Herbert Whitley Trust and Paignton Zoological and Botanical Gardens Eleventh Annual Report and Accounts to 31st October 1968, p54.
American Marten
Martes americana (Turton, 1806)
Mar 1955* London Zoological Society of London Report of the Council and Auditors for 1955, p25.
European Pine Marten
Martes martes (Linnaeus, 1758)
? ? Further research required.
European Badger
Meles meles (Linnaeus, 1758)
1842E London Flower (1929) p137: Twenty born in the Gardens 1842-1914, all between the 20th of February and the 18th of March.
Ratel
Mellivora capensis (Schreber, 1776)
1972 Howletts Williamson and Schomberg (1976) p85: The Honey Badgers here were the first in the world to breed in captivity.
Stoat
Mustela erminea Linnaeus, 1758
1969E London Wellcome Zoological Society of London Annual Report 1969, p32: During the summer, stoats were successfully bred in the institute.
Weasel
Mustela nivalis Linnaeus, 1766
1985E London Zoological Society of London Annual Report 1985-1986, p29.
European Polecat
Mustela putorius Linnaeus, 1758
1937E London The National Nature Magazine, August 1937, p34.
Siberian Weasel
Mustela sibirica Pallas, 1773
May 2008 Hamerton  
African Striped Weasel
Poecilogale albinucha (Gray, 1864)
1995 Cobham 2 Jim Collins (personal communication).
Marbled Polecat
Vormela peregusna (Güldenstädt, 1770)
1999 Preston Jim Collins (personal communication).

Mephitidae Bonaparte, 1845

Taxon Date Location Notes
Striped Skunk
Mephitis mephitis (Schreber, 1776)
ca.1924* ? Illustrated Official Guide to the London Zoological Society's Gardens in Regent's Park (23rd ed., 1925) p50: Some success has recently been obtained in this country in breeding Skunks for their fur.
Eastern Spotted Skunk
Spilogale putorius (Linnaeus, 1758)
1959E Blackpool Tower International Zoo Yearbook, Vol. 1 (1960) p143.

Procyonidae Gray, 1825

Taxon Date Location Notes
Allen's Olingo
Bassaricyon alleni Thomas, 1880
May 1983* Kilverstone Zoo Federation News, No. 39, Spring 1984 as B. gabbi under Breeding & Husbandry Awards for 1983: First Captive Breeding in the U. K. Progeny hand-reared to independence.
Bushy-tailed Olingo
Bassaricyon gabbii J. A. Allen, 1876
Sep 1982* Kilverstone Weigl (2005) p106. This animal was transferred to Stuttgart in December 1991 and then to Papiliorama-Noturama in Switzerland in December 1999; it was still alive in 2004. International Zoo Yearbook, Vol. 24/25 (1986) lists B. alleni only.
White-nosed Coati
Nasua narica (Linnaeus, 1766)
1964E Belle Vue International Zoo Yearbook, Vol. 6 (1966) p395.
Ring-tailed Coati
Nasua nasua (Linnaeus, 1766)
1847E London Flower (1929) p146: About six born in the Gardens 1847-1886.
Kinkajou
Potos flavus (Schreber, 1774)
1960
1960
Belle Vue1
Dublin2
[1] and [2] International Zoo Yearbook, Vol. 2 (1960) p260. Belle Vue bred this species annually for a number of years. Exmouth Zoo claimed a first breeding for this species after the zoo changed hands in 1962 (Keeling, 1985 p127).
Crab-eating Raccoon
Procyon cancrivorus (G. Cuvier, 1798)
May 1903E London Zuckerman in Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1953, p850.
Raccoon
Procyon lotor (Linnaeus, 1758)
Pre 1763 Horton Lambton (1985). Lever (1993) p17: At Horton in Northamptonshire, Lord Halifax maintained a collection that included 'storks, raccons [believed by Horace Walpole to be the first in England] ... '

Ailuridae Gray, 1843

Taxon Date Location Notes
Red Panda
Ailurus fulgens F. G. Cuvier, 1825
1919† London Flower (1929) p147: Five born in the Gardens 1919-1921.

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